Read more about Soros involvement in South Africa and also with their leaders – SA is part of Brics countries too. There are also more than 8840 traditional leaders (brown/coloured / black) involved in separate CPA’s for each of them. So-called apartheid is not gone. Look at the B-BBEE legislations as well.
Daar is groter verbintenisse tussen Ramaphosa en kommunis George Soros, asook die res van Suid-Afrika met al hul tradisionele leiers en aparte “TRUSTGEBIEDE” en kommunale grondeise (CPA).
Waar De Klerk opgehou het, het Ramaphosa eenvoudig in felheid voortgegaan. Hy het tot sy eie kommissie bevorder om swart bemagtiging teen ons blanke volk te vestig in Parlement. Nie net beheer en finansier Soros die parlement nie, maar ook die sogenaamde “demokratiese” kommunistiese grondwet. En diegene wat multi-kultureel is, wat die grondwet steun, sit nie verniet op twee stoele nie met Soros wat troospryse uitdeel. Die geskiedenis van sommige verbintenisse kan teruggevolg word tot voor 1980. Daar is heelwat “institute en organisasies” wat deur Soros finansier word…
Ramaphosa is not the only leader
Read also an important article – there are more
Mandela and Soros
Kodesa was aangedryf deur kommuniste Slovo en Soros. Die grondwet is net so min demokraties as dit deur kommuniste geskryf is. Die parlement van Suid-Afrika is nog minder in lyn met enige demokrasie aangesien hul dade die teenoorgestelde spreek met hul swart bemagtiging en eensydige skending van blankes se menseregte.
Die webtuistes van die grondwet sowel parlement is baie duidelik wie dit finansier. Tydens Kodesa en selfs Idasa het finansiers voor 1994 die radikale rewolusie voor die jare gesteun en nog nooit opgehou daarmee nie.
LEES ANDER BYPASSENDE ARTIKELS
Grondwet beskerm niemand
George Soros en sy “open society foundation Suid-Afrika” het die Black Sash ondersteun saam Zille en Ramaphela wat vir hom werk. Is dus nie almal van ons volkslede wat probeer multi-kultuur wees en wat kommunis Soros met sy sogenaamde demokrasie, parlement of selfs grondwet steun nie. Hy is en was nog nooit goeie nuus vir niemand nie. Heelwat lande het hom lankal verban en selfs Monsanto speel hul finansieringsrol in AGRISA wat maar te gretig geld ontvang vanaf Soros.
Dieselfde onderhandelde kommunistiese grondwet het al van 1993-4 af elke mensereg wat ons as Afrikaner en Boere (blankes) het, tot op die grond afgebreek. Wat is die punt om so ‘n grondwet te steun as dit menseregte tot onder grondstof afbreek en totaal ekonomies vernietig? Daar is internasionale regte en dis duidelik dat dit ‘n misdaad is.
Selfs die tradisionele leiers, Zwelithini kom in opstand omdat hul regte ook aangetas word, maar ook hulle dink die grondwet gaan hulle red teen nasionalisasie (bolshevisme) in die land.
Die Zoeloe leier is nie die enigste tradisionele leier wat die lig sal sien nie of andersinds help beheer uitoefen – daar is leiers wat saam is. Maar dis duidelik dat die swartes ook nie beskerm word as daar waargeneem word hoeveel grondbesit reeds deur die regering besit word – nasionalisering van alle bates en grond.
Soros en ander multi-kultuur organisasies baat daarby wanneer daar soveel regsonkostes aangegaan word, want wie kry die inkomste daaruit? Nie die armes nie.
Daar word dus opnames gemaak, maar slegs van Afrikaners en Boere se gebiede word geraak en dan praat AgriSA dit ook goed.
Hoekom word daar nie ook sensus gedoen onder die 40-50 miljoen immigrante wat ook op staatsgrond is en meestal onwettig in die land is, wat gratis dienste en huise verlang.
Regskostes is duur – almal weet dit. En wie gaan betaal? Inteendeel die publieke sakke word geskud hiervoor om die “demokratiese” kommunistiese grondwet te probeer regverdig of te verdedig.
Weer eens – bestudeer die kommunistiese grondwet wie word bevoordeel. Al wat hier gebeur het, Zuma het voor sy bedanking reeds (gerieflik) heelwat regters aangestel soos deur dieselfde grondwet bepaal. Dus word leiers en regters aangestel EN dis die grootste rede hoekom daar geen korrupsie vasgevat sal word nie, want daar word heelwat multi-kulurele organisasies gebruik om regsaksies te neem vir “publieke beskerming” om die “grondwet te verdedig” (blankes) – en dieselfde geld vir enige ander regsaksies. Lees op oor wat daar gebeur en neem kennis van die BRUG / BRIDGE.
Daar is heelwat legkaart stukkies wat in plek val. Op ‘n meer ernstige nood, dis nie die casino dobbel waarvan gepraat word nie. Hierdie mense dobbel met al ons lewens in Suid-Afrika en selfs in verskeie lande oorsee, veral finansieel. Hulle is al vir dekades, en langer as ‘n eeu daarmee besig. Soms is dit ‘n onbelangrike skakel wat mens lei na ‘n groter stukkie belangrike legkaart wat soos ‘n boek oopvou. Skokkende legkaarte wat Suid-Afrika in die doolhof laat beland het waar dit tans is word hierby ingesluit. Daar was heelwat tentakels die afgelope eeu, liberale blankes wat hul bydraes gelewer het op alle vlakke net om ons volksmense te mislei met veral die Grondwet, wat hulle as demokraties beskou en “verdedig.
Daar is geen artikel wat nie indruis teen die skending van ons menseregte nie. As ons vandag gaan sit en dink oor Idasa, Kodesa, Grondwet, Kommuniste Slovo en Soros, oor swart bemagtiging wat by Idasa (1989) begin het, met al die “leiers”, vorm dit ‘n groter legkaart en prentjie in veral konserwatiewes se denke.
Ramaphosa wat presies weet wat hy gedoen het in die parlement, toe hy voor 2000 gefokus het op swart bemagtiging, want die opdragte het van bo gekom.
Die finansiers, soos uitgespel is baie ver LINKS en kommuniste wat nie net die parlement finansier nie, maar ook hul eie Grondwet. Weer eens hoe kan enige persoon ‘n Grondwet steun of regverdig probeer maak as dit al in 25 jaar al ons regte geskend het?
So iets kom voor as “demokraties” maar dit is nie, die werklikheid word weerspieël in die realiteite wat plaasvind.
The Soros plan in terms of global economics is quite simple: He wants to phase out the U.S. dollar as the international reserve currency and bring the U.S. into a system of international socialism, with new and more powerful global agencies deciding our economic and financial fate. It will mark the end of the American system of self-government.
Other members of the Socialist International Commission that investigated the financial crisis headed by Stiglitz were: Anatoly Aksakov, Member of the Board of the Russian Federation Central Bank and Member of Russian State Duma, For a Just Russia Party; Dr Héctor Alexander, Minister of Economy and Finances of Panama, Democratic Revolutionary Party, PRD; Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas, Founder of the Party for Democratic Revolution, PRD, Mexico and Honorary President of the Socialist International; Elio Di Rupo, Leader of the Socialist Party, PS, Belgium, and SI Vice-President; Alfred Gusenbauer, Chancellor of Austria and SI Vice-President; Eero Heinäluoma, Finnish Social Democratic Party and SI Vice-President; Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, Former Prime Minister of Mali and Leader of the Assembly for Mali, RPM; Pia Locatelli; President of Socialist International Women; Fathallah Oualalou, Former Minister of Finance, Socialist Union of Popular Forces, USFP, Morocco; Professor Shri Arjun K. Sengupta, Member of Parliament, Indian National Congress Party; Antolin Sánchez Presedo, Member of the European Parliament, Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party, PSOE, Spain; Peer Steinbrück, Federal Finance Minister of Germany and Deputy Chair of the Social Democratic Party; Andres Velasco, Minister of Finance, Chile; and Fozia Wahab, Member of the Pakistan National Assembly and Chair of the National Finance Committee of the Parliament.
“Taxation on global negative externalities, such as arms sales to developing countries, pollution, and destabilizing cross-border financial flows, can provide a third source of revenue for financing global public goods.”
Soros also happens to figure in the financial underwriting of the non-governmental organization (NGO) that Stiglitz has created to carry his ideas forward. It’s called the Initiative for Policy Dialogue, based at Columbia University. His funders include:
- Open Society Institute.
- Ford Foundation.
- Charles Stewart Mott Foundation
- John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
- United Nations Development Program.
READ WHO ARE INVOLVED
Soros and his wings
SOUTH AFRICA, SOROS AND RAMAPHOSA
About: The International Crisis Group, headquartered in Brussels, bills itself as “an independent, non-profit, non-governmental organisation committed to preventing and resolving deadly conflict.” Founded in 1995, the international NGO “publishes annually over 80 reports and briefing papers, as well as the CrisisWatch bulletin assessing every month the current state of play in some 70 countries or areas of actual or potential conflict.”
Mission Statement: We are generally seen as playing a major role in six main ways:
- ringing early warning alarm bells, in the monthly CrisisWatch bulletin, and in specific ‘conflict alerts’ . . .
- contributing, on both process and substance, behind the scenes support and advice to critical peace negotiations . . .
- producing highly detailed analysis and advice on specific policy issues in scores of conflict or potential conflict situations around the world, helping policymakers in the UN Security Council, regional organisations, donor countries and others with major influence, and in the countries at risk themselves, do better in preventing, managing and resolving conflict, and in rebuilding after it . . .
- providing detailed information unobtainable elsewhere on developments regarding conflict, mass violence and terrorism of particular utility to policymakers . . .
- offering new strategic thinking on some of the world’s most intractable conflicts and crises, challenging or refining prevailing wisdom . . .
- strongly supporting a rules-based, rather than force-based, international order, in particular significantly influencing UN resolutions and institutional structures in relation to the new international norm of the ‘responsibility to protect’.
Soros Funding: Soros, a long-time member of the ICG’s board, made the following remarks about the group in 2003: “My support of the ICG is part of a larger strategy. I believe in crisis prevention and crisis resolution. I have developed what I call the Soros doctrine — preventive action of a constructive nature which I juxtapose to the Bush doctrine of preemptive action of a military nature . . . I am the member of a well-balanced board which has such people on it as Richard Perle and Richard Allen. I do have some influence on the subjects which are selected for study.
The ICG first made a name for itself in the Balkans and it was their success there that induced me to offer my challenge grant. The ICG now covers most of the trouble spots of the world, and there are many of them, and it has made a valuable contribution to resolving some of them. I am thinking in particular of the reports on Liberia and the whole western African region, the report on the Palestinian question which I think makes more sense than the roadmap.
- Louise Arbour, President & Chief Executive Officer — Louise Arbour has served as President & CEO of the International Crisis Group since July 2009. United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights from 2004 to 2008, Chief Prosecutor for the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda
- Nick Grono, Deputy President & Chief Operating Officer
Board of Directors Executive Committee:
- Thomas R Pickering, Chair, Crisis Group, Former U.S. Ambassador to the UN, Russia, India, Israel, Jordan, El Salvador and Nigeria; Vice Chairman of Hills & Company
- Louise Arbour, President & CEO
- Morton Abramowitz, Former U.S. Assistant Secretary of State and Ambassador to Turkey
- Cheryl Carolus, Former South African High Commissioner to the UK and Secretary General of the ANC
- Maria Livanos Cattaui, Member of the Board, Petroplus Holdings, Switzerland
- Yoichi Funabashi, Journalist and Former Editor-in-Chief of the The Asahi Shimbun, Japan
- Frank Giustra, CEO, Fiore Capital Corporation
- Ghassan Salamé, Dean, Paris School of International Affairs, Sciences Po
- George Soros, Chairman, Open Society Institute
- Pär Stenbäck, Former Foreign Minister of Finland
Board of Directors:
- Adnan Abu-Odeh, Former Political Adviser to King Abdullah II and to King Hussein, and Jordan Permanent Representative to the UN
- Kenneth Adelman, Former U.S. Ambassador and Director of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency
- Kofi Annan, Former Secretary-General of the United Nations; Nobel Peace Prize (2001)
- Nahum Barnea, Chief Columnist for Yedioth Ahronoth, Israel
- Samuel Berger, Chair, Albright Stonebridge Group LLC; Former U.S. National Security Advisor
- Emma Bonino, Vice President of the Senate; Former Minister of International Trade and European Affairs of Italy and European Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid
- Wesley Clark, Former NATO Supreme Allied Commander, Europe
- Sheila Coronel
- Toni Stabile, Professor of Practice in Investigative Journalism; Director, Toni Stabile Center for Investigative Journalism, Columbia University, U.S.
- Jan Egeland, Director, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs; Former UN Under-Secretary General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator
- Mohamed El Baradei, Mr. ElBaradei suspended his membership from the Board of Crisis Group concurrent with his January 2011 return to Egypt. Director-General Emeritus, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Nobel Peace Prize (2005)
- Uffe Ellemann-Jensen, Former Foreign Minister of Denmark
- Gareth Evans, President Emeritus of Crisis Group; Former Foreign Affairs Minister of Australia
- Mark Eyskens, Former Prime Minister of Belgium
- Joshua Fink, CEO & Chief Investment Officer, Enso Capital Management LLC
- Joschka Fischer, Former Foreign Minister of Germany
- Jean-Marie Guéhenno, Arnold Saltzman Professor of War and Peace Studies, Columbia University; Former UN Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations
- Carla Hills, Former U.S. Secretary of Housing and U.S. Trade Representative
- Lena Hjelm-Wallén, Former Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Affairs Minister of Sweden
- Swanee Hunt, Former U.S. Ambassador to Austria; Chair, Institute for Inclusive Security and President, Hunt Alternatives Fund
- Mo Ibrahim, Founder and Chair, Mo Ibrahim Foundation; Founder, Celtel International
- Igor Ivanov, Former Foreign Affairs Minister of the Russian Federation
- Asma Jahangir, President of the Supreme Court Bar Association of Pakistan; Former UN Special Rapporteur on the Freedom of Religion or Belief
- Wim Kok, Former Prime Minister of the Netherlands
- Ricardo Lagos, Former President of Chile
- Joanne Leedom-Ackerman, Former International Secretary of International PEN; Novelist and journalist, U.S.
- Lord (Mark) Malloch-Brown, Former Administrator of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and UN Deputy Secretary-General
- Lalit Mansingh, Former Foreign Secretary of India, Ambassador to the U.S. and High Commissioner to the UK
- Jessica Tuchman Mathews, President, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, U.S.
- Benjamin Mkapa, Former President of Tanzania
- Moisés Naím, Senior Associate, International Economics Program, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace; Former Editor in Chief, Foreign Policy
- Ayo Obe, Legal Practitioner, Lagos, Nigeria
- Paul Reynolds, President and CEO, Canaccord Financial Inc.; Vice-Chair, Global Head of Canaccord Genuity
- Güler Sabancı, Chairperson, Sabancı Holding, Turkey
- Javier Solana, Former EU High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy, NATO Secretary-General and Foreign Affairs Minister of Spain
- Lawrence Summers, Former Director of the US National Economic Council and Secretary of the Treasury; President Emeritus of Harvard University
- Martti Ahtisaari, Former President of Finland
- George J. Mitchell, Former U.S. Senate Majority Leader
- HRH Prince Turki al-Faisal Former Ambassador of the KIngdom of Saudi Arabia to the U.S.
- Hushang Ansary
- Ersin Arıoğlu Chairman Emeritus, YapÄ± Merkezi, Turkey
- Óscar Arias
- Richard Armitage Former U.S. Deputy Secretary of State
- Diego Arria Former Ambassador of Venezuela to the UN
- Zainab Bangura
- Shlomo Ben-Ami Former Foreign Minister of Israel
- Christoph Bertram Former Director of the German Institute for International and Security Affairs, Germany
- Alan Blinken
- Lakhdar Brahimi Former Special Adviser to the UN Secretary-General and Foreign Minister of Algeria
- Zbigniew Brzezinski Former U.S. National Security Advisor to the President
- Kim Campbell Former Prime Minister of Canada
- Jorge Castañeda Former Foreign Minister of Mexico
- Naresh Chandra Former Indian Cabinet Secretary and Ambassador to the U.S.
- Eugene Chien
- Joaquim Alberto Chissano Former President of Mozambique
- Victor Chu Chairman, First Eastern Investment Group, Hong Kong
- Mong Joon Chung
- Pat Cox Former President of the European Parliament
- Gianfranco Dell’ Alba
- Jacques Delors
- Alain Destexhe Senator, Belgium
- Mou-Shih Ding
- Gernot Erler
- Marika Fahlen Ambassador, Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs Stanley Fischer Governor, Bank of Israel Malcolm Fraser Former Prime Minister of Australia I.K. Gujral Former Prime Minister of India
- Max Jakobson Former Ambassador of Finland to the UN and Sweden
- James V. Kimsey Founder and Chairman Emeritus of America Online, Inc. (AOL)
- Aleksander Kwasniewski Former President of Poland
- Todung Mulya Lubis Human rights lawyer and author, Indonesia
- Allan J MacEachen Former Deputy Prime Minister of Canada
- GraÃ§a Machel
- Barbara McDougall Former Secretary of State for External Affairs, Canada
- Matthew McHugh Former U.S. Congressman and Counselor to the World Bank President
- Nobuo Matsunaga
- Miklós Németh
- Christine Ockrent CEO, French TV and Radio World Services
- Timothy Ong
- Olara Otunnu
- Lord (Christopher) Patten of Barnes Former European Commissioner for External Relations, Governor of Hong Kong and UK Cabinet Minister; BBC Trust Chairman
- Shimon Peres
- Victor Pinchuk Founder of EastOne LLC and Victor Pinchuk Foundation
- Surin Pitsuwan
- Cyril Ramaphosa Former Secretary General, African National Congress, South Africa
- Fidel V. Ramos Former President of Philippines
- Lord Robertson of Port Ellen Former Secretary General, NATO
- Michel Rocard Former Prime Minister of France
- Volker Rühe Former Defence Minister, Germany
- Mohamed Sahnoun Adviser to the United Nations Secretary-General
- Salim A. Salim Former Prime Minister of Tanzania
- Douglas Schoen Founding Partner of Penn, Schoen & Berland Associates, U.S.
- Christian Schwarz-Schilling
- Michael Sohlman
- Thorvald Stoltenberg Former Foreign Minister of Norway
- William O. Taylor Chairman Emeritus, The Boston Globe, US
- Leo Tindemans Former Prime Minister of Belgium
- Ed van Thijn Former Minister of Interior, The Netherlands
- Simone Veil
- Shirley Williams
- Grigory Yavlinsky Chairman, Yabloko Party, Russia
- Uta Zapf Chairperson of the German Bundestag Subcommittee on Disarmament, Arms Control and Non-Proliferation
- Ernesto Zedillo Former President of Mexico; Director, Yale Center for the Study of Globalization
Crisis Group was founded in 1995 as an international non-governmental organisation by a group of prominent statesmen who despaired at the international community’s failure to anticipate and respond effectively to the tragedies of Somalia, Rwanda and Bosnia. The group was led by Morton Abramowitz (former U.S. Ambassador to Turkey and Thailand, then President of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace), Mark Malloch-Brown (former head of the UN Development Programme, then UN Deputy Secretary-General and UK Minister), and its first Chairman, U.S. Senator George Mitchell. The idea was to create a new organisation with a highly professional staff to serve as the world’s eyes and ears for impending conflicts, and with a highly influential board that could mobilise effective action from global policymakers.
Read the history of this “crisis” group of Soros
“CARNEGIE ENDOWMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL PEACE”
1 February 2018
The board of trustees for the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace today announced the addition of Jonathan Oppenheimer, a South African businessman and philanthropist.
“I’m thrilled to welcome Jonathan to Carnegie’s board of trustees,” said Harvey V. Fineberg, chairman of the board. “Jonathan’s distinguished global business career and lifelong commitment to scholarship, sustainability, conservation, and other issues critical to advancing the cause of peace in this century make him a perfect fit for our board.”
Jonathan began his career at NM Rothschild & Sons, before moving to Anglo American and subsequently De Beers, where he held a number of senior management roles in Southern Africa and London over two decades. He founded Oppenheimer Partners in 2016, the next chapter of the Oppenheimer family’s investment journey. He remains actively involved in the family’s other commercial and not-for-profit activities, including the Brenthurst Foundation, a Johannesburg-based economic development think tank, and Tswalu Kalahari, South Africa’s largest private game reserve.
“I am delighted to join the board of the Carnegie Endowment. Our world faces difficult challenges on multiple fronts – from extreme poverty and environmental crises to the resurgence of populism. Thoughtful analysis and leadership at such junctures is vital, and Carnegie offers just that. I look forward to working with this esteemed board and leadership team at this critical time in Carnegie’s history.” “Jonathan embodies the spirit of the Carnegie Endowment,” said Carnegie President William J. Burns. “I really look forward to benefiting from his partnership as we chart Carnegie’s future course.”
Oppenheimer and Carnegie
George Soros Funded Organization Behind Release of Massive Leak of Info on Power People Behind Secrete Offshore Accounts.
A new investigation spearheaded by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, an organization launched by the Center for Public Integrity reveals the offshore links to some of the most powerful people on the planet. The disclosed papers are being called, the Panama Papers, by ICIJ.
It should be kept in mind, as this story unfolds, that CPI has been partly funded by George Soros.
In 2003 the Wall Street Journal criticized the CPI for accepting large funds from George Soros…These concerns were echoed by the National Rifle Association and others in 2005 and by the Idaho Statesman in 2006….In 2011, Politico called into question CPI’s collaboration with advocacy organizations. Politico reported that CPI had coordinated the release of a report on Koch Industries with Greenpeace. Politico also reported that Pew Charitable Trusts, a funder of the Looting the Seas report, hosted a screening of a CPI documentary and then organized a call to action with other NGOs for the protection of bluefin tuna. In 2008, CPI published a report on tobacco that was both funded by and promoted by an advocacy group called Tobacco Free Kids.
The leak is being managed by the grandly but laughably named “International Consortium of Investigative Journalists”, which is funded and organised entirely by the USA’s Center for Public Integrity. Their funders include
Rockefeller Family Fund
W K Kellogg Foundation
Open Society Foundation (Soros)
Soros, Carnegie and Offshore
AGAIN – WHO FINANCE OUR PARLIAMENT AND CONSTITUTION?
Various institutes are also financed by GEORGE SOROS
CATO INSTITUTE AS WELL
As the back-and-forth between the Koch brothers and the Cato Institute continues, with fellows and political philosophers weighing in, it helps to look at some hard financial facts.
After the Kochs filed suit, Cato President Ed Crane issued a statement saying, “While (Charles) Koch and entities controlled by him have supported the Cato Institute financially since that time, Mr. Koch and his affiliates have exercised no significant influence over the direction or management of the Cato Institute, or the work done here.” read more
RECENTLY IN AMERICA
Paul O’Sullivan was on board a plane at the Moscow airport when he got the news that Cyril Ramaphosa had been voted as new president of the ANC. O’Sullivan was Ramaphosa’s training officer after the man of the moment became a Police Reservist two decades back – Alec Hogg
What was he like as a reservist? Was he good at it?
Well, strangely enough there as a company then called JCI, I don’t know if you remember it. It was Johannesburg Consolidated Investments and he was involved with that. Of course, we all know what happened to JCI with or without an involvement from Cyril, but Cyril was engaged in business by that stage. After the first elections he decided not to become a parliamentarian and he went into business.
He elaborated on the “talks” at Codesa and the crime situation today.
Another opinion about Ramaphosa since before 1994
Control of minerals – NATIONAL UNION OF MINEWORKERS
On the left is a white man, Harry Oppenheimer — the epitome of mining capital in the apartheid era and the head of a family dynasty that at its height owned more than 60% of the JSE assets. He is impeccably dressed, a dignified 76-year-old elder statesman of liberal capital. On his right, in a casual jacket, open-necked shirt and corduroy trousers is a 36-year-old Cyril Ramaphosa, with a shaggy beard looking every bit the fiery young revolutionary. He was the general secretary of the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) and a rising voice in the trade union and resistance movement.
Oppenheimer was a liberal of the distinctly South African kind. He supported a free market and opposed apartheid, was a great philanthropist and supporter of the white parliamentary opposition, but operated a business that benefited fundamentally from cheap migrant labour.
We had asked each of them to say a few words about freedom of the media. But the ever-shrewd Ramaphosa had other ideas. His speech was a fierce and rousing denunciation of the mining bosses, the conditions of mine workers and the political situation, delivered in the Marxist language and with the rhetorical flourishes of the trade union movement.
In the audience was a phalanx of mine workers and union officials, who cheered and sang anticapitalist songs. Oppenheimer looked uncomfortable. When he got to his feet, he had to deal with aggressive chanting, singing and dancing — until Ramaphosa signalled to his followers to let Oppenheimer speak.
The message was clear: Oppenheimer might have unparallelled corporate, social and economic power, but Ramaphosa commanded a mass following that was ready to demand power. The tide was turning and a new generation with a different language, dress, attitude and ideology was seizing the stage.
Oppenheimer, a veteran of 10 years of raucous debate in Parliament, where he had sat on the opposition benches, responded with aplomb. “We have just listened to a long and impassioned speech from Mr Ramaphosa, made more impassioned by the absence of fact.” He apologised that he had not expected to have to deal with the topics raised, but said strong words about the situation in SA, the states of emergency and media freedom.
Before he died in 2000, Oppenheimer oversaw the sale of a chunk of his empire to a black empowerment consortium, in which Ramaphosa played a part.
JUST AFTER 1994