Under international law, minority groups that qualify as “peoples” have the right to self-determination: the ability to freely determine their political fate and form a representative government. Peoples who are oppressed or colonized, however, have the right to external self-determination, which they may exercise through secession from their mother state. Afrikaner and Boers (all white minority group in South Africa) are oppressed with Black Economic Empowerment, Affirmative Action legislations and also with Expropriation of their private lands they bought since and even before 1900 when the Boer Republics received their independence (and British empire annexed the two Republics for their own benefits and even the Minerals in those independent states).
Self-determination for people – Boer and Afrikaner (white minority in SA) – we are the oppressed people in South Africa and human rights violations.
12 Unilateral secession prohibited?
Die burgers (BOERE genoem) van die twee onafhanklike Boere republieke was onder druk geplaas deur die anneksasie van hul grondgebiede (uitgesluit reservate en britse kroongebiede wat nog nooit aan die Boere behoort het nie.
Twee lang Anglo Boere oorloë was die gevolg wat die tientalle konsentrasiekampe, die Britse helkampe hierby ingesluit het. In hierdie helkampe is ons voorouers soos troppe vee aangejaag, soms per voet, soms op ‘n veetrok weggeneem, met basies ‘n paar besittings, die klere aan hul lyf. Hul moes toekyk hoe die Britte en swartes wat die Britse regering ondersteun het, hul besittings, in hul huise, selfs die voedsel op die lande in vuur laat opgaan en tot as vernietig.
Toe al was ons volk van die Boere republieke onder die Britse regering onder druk – ons voorvaders het juis padgegee in die Kaapkolonie onder die Britte se diktatorskap en hul vryheid verkry in die twee Onafhanklike Boere republieke.
Grond wat aan niemand behoort het nie of met onderhandelings vanaf destydse swart leiers verkry. Selfs die Retief traktaat en Vryheidsrepubliek is so bekom. Niemand het grond gesteel van enige van die bewoners in Reservate of Kroongebiede nie. Inteendeel dit word steeds bewoon spesifiek deur die onderskeie volke.
Refer to the official signed Accord of 1994 (with mandate), the document of Griggs and also to the documentation, reports to SA Parliament, investigations and recommendations of the Volkstaat Council of 1994. .
read more of Griggs official publications 1995
International background information – read about oppression
The principle of self-determination can be traced back to the end of World War I, when the losing powers, Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire, were stripped of their colonies and when several new states were created out of the territory of these former empires.
Using this newly-articulated principle, in 1920, the Swedish-speaking people of the Aaland Islands, an archipelago of about 300 small islands that had been incorporated into the recently-created state of Finland, insisted on holding a plebiscite in order to express their will as to whether they wished to separate from Finland in order to unite with Sweden. The Aalanders’ claim was ultimately resolved by a committee of jurists within the League of Nations, which determined that the Aalanders did not have a right to separate from Finland because “[t]he separation of a minority from the State of which it forms a part . . . can only be considered as an altogether exceptional solution, a last resort when the State lacks either the will or the power to enact and apply just and effective guarantees.
This view of self-determination was confirmed in 1998, in the Canadian Supreme Court opinion regarding the proposed secession of Quebec from Canada, where the Court held that all peoples are entitled to various modes of internal self-determination, but that only some peoples, such as those subjected to conquest, colonization, and perhaps oppression, may acquire the right to external self-determination through remedial secession. Today, it may be concluded that international law bestows on all peoples the right to self-determination, but that the right to external self-determination, exercised through remedial secession, only applies in extreme circumstances, to colonized and severely persecuted peoples.
The theory of self-determination, as justifying the secession of a people from its existing mother state as a matter of last resort only, in situations where the people is oppressed or where the mother state’s government does not legitimately represent the people’s interests, has remained constant throughout the 20th century development of international law. Two United Nations’ declarations, in addition to the United Nations Charter itself, have addressed the issue of self-determination — the 1960 Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and the 1970 Friendly Relations Declaration.
Both declarations, however, envisioned self-determination leading to secession as a matter of last resort only within the decolonization paradigm: here, both conditions for a right to self-determination were met insofar as colonized peoples were oppressed and their colonial governments did not adequately represent their interests.
Both declarations also confirmed the importance of the principle of territorial integrity of existing states, and thus embraced the idea that self-determination could lead to the territorial disruption of existing states only in extreme instances of oppression or colonization.
Onteiening van alle bates en eiendomme.
Expropriation of properties
Akkoord van 1994
Selfbeskikking en Volkstaat (Akkoord)
Mandela en ANC skrywe
Self-determination – Afrikaner/Boer – ANC-Mandela letter (1993)