Traditional houses – South Africa

 

Traditional affairs (2018-2019)   – It was stated in parliament that this is only for the KhoiSan and different ethnic black groups of people in South Africa,  but how is it working?   No idea who gave South African parliament or ministers the “mandate” if there are different ethnic traditional leaders, perhaps the different Houses of Traditional leaderships.   It stated the Department of Traditional Affairs is mandated to oversee a range of tasks inherent in dealing with issues related to traditional affairs, including KhoiSan leadership, and supporting the development of stable and cohesive interfaith communities.


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Traditional Affairs

The 2003 White Paper on Traditional Leadership and Governance sets out a national framework, and norms and standards that define the role and place of the institution of traditional leadership within the South African system of democratic governance.    It seeks to support and transform the institution in accordance with constitutional imperatives and to restore the integrity and legitimacy of traditional leadership in line with the African indigenous law and customs subject to the Constitution.

The NDP envisages creating an inclusive rural economy and transforming society through a unified country.  This is given expression by outcome 14 (nation building and social cohesion) of government’s 2014 –  2019 medium-term strategic framework, with which the work of the Department of Traditional Affairs is closely aligned. Over the medium term, the department intends to continue focusing on developing legislation to ensure that traditional leadership institutions are strengthened.

Major activities over the medium term include increasing the number of functional structures of traditional leadership through the implementation of the Traditional and KhoiSan Leadership Bill, once enacted; supporting the establishment of the national KhoiSan council; establishing systems for reducing traditional leadership disputes and claims; and developing and implementing a capacity-building plan for the institution of traditional leadership.
Provinces

South Africa also has already provincial houses of traditional leaders in the following areas:  Eastern Cape, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga and North West.

National and provincial houses of traditional leaders enhance the cooperative relationships within national and provincial government.

Local houses of traditional leaders deepen and cement the relationship between municipalities and traditional leaders on customary law and development initiatives.

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Traditional leadership

Chapter 11 of the Constitution states that the institution, status and roles of traditional leadership, according to customary law, are recognised.   Government acknowledges the critical role of traditional leadership institutions in South Africa’s constitutional democracy and in communities, particularly in relation to the rural-development strategy.   It therefore remains committed to strengthening the institution of traditional leadership.

To this end, numerous pieces of legislation have been passed and various programmes implemented to ensure that traditional leadership makes an important contribution to the development of society.

The department is also working on a range of issues, which include policies on unity and diversity, initiation, traditional healing, traditional leaders’ protocol, family trees, the remuneration and  benefits of traditional leaders based on uniform norms and standards, and involving the Khoisan people in the system of governance in South Africa.

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Parliament extended the term of the Commission of Traditional Leadership Disputes and Claims from 2016 to 2020 – to allow the commission time to finalise outstanding disputes and claims, and deal with the 320 traditional leadership disputes and claims per year that were envisaged.

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Traditional councils

Legislation has transformed the composition of traditional councils to provide for elements of democracy. It states that 40% of members must be elected and that one third of members must be women.   Legislation has also opened up an opportunity for municipalities and traditional councils to achieve cooperative governance.    Traditional councils have been given a strong voice in development matters and may now enter into partnerships and service-delivery agreements with government in all spheres.

The National Khoisan Council aims to unite the Khoisan communities and create a platform through which they can raise issues affecting them as a group of communities. The most important issue is the statutory recognition and inclusion of the Khoisan people in formal government structures.

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Houses of traditional leaders

Act 10 of 1997
Repealed By: 

Council of Traditional Leaders Act
National House of Traditional Leaders Act 22 of 2009
https://www.gov.za/documents/council-traditional-leaders-act-1

The Constitution mandates the establishment of houses of traditional leaders by means of either provincial or national legislation.   The National House of Traditional Leaders was established in terms of the then National House of Traditional Leaders Act, 1997 (Act 10 of 1997).

Its objectives and functions are to promote the role of traditional leadership within a democratic constitutional dispensation, enhance unity and understanding among traditional communities and advise national government.

Provincial houses of traditional leaders were established in all six provinces that have traditional leaders, namely the Eastern Cape, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga and North West.

The national and provincial houses of traditional leaders enhance the cooperative relationships within national and provincial government, while the establishment of local houses of traditional leaders deepens and cements the relationship between municipalities and traditional leaders on customary law and development initiatives.

Commission on Traditional Leadership Disputes and Claims

Traditional Leadership and Governance Framework Act 41 of 2003
https://www.gov.za/documents/traditional-leadership-and-governance-framework-act

The commission was established in terms of the Traditional Leadership and Governance Framework Act of 2003.

It was stated in Parliament that it is tasked restoring the dignity of traditional leaders and their communities by investigating and ensuring that the institution of traditional leadership is restored to where it belongs.   It also investigates all claims to any position of traditional leadership (king/queen/principal/senior traditional leader, as well as headmen and headwomen), including disputes over the boundaries of traditional councils.

Act 41 of 2003

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Source: South Africa Yearbook 2018/19

https://www.gov.za/about-government/government-system/traditional-leadership

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Tradisionele aangeleenthede in SA

SA parlement het die termyn van die Kommissie vir Tradisionele Leierskapsdispute en -eise van 2016 tot 2020 verleng – om die kommissie tyd te gee om uitstaande geskille en eise af te handel, en die 320 geskille en eise oor tradisionele leierskap per jaar wat in die vooruitsig gestel is, te hanteer.

 

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Tradisionele sake – daar is in die parlement gesê dat die artikel met wetgewing slegs vir die KhoiSan en verskillende etniese swart groepe mense in Suid-Afrika is, maar hoe werk dit?   Dit vloei oor na provinsiale sowel munispale gebiede.    Geen idee wie aan die Suid-Afrikaanse parlement of ministers die ‘mandaat’ gegee het as daar verskillende etniese tradisionele leiers is nie, miskien die verskillende Huise van Tradisionele leiers self.   Dit word gesê dat die Departement van Tradisionele Sake die mandaat het om toesig te hou oor ‘n reeks take wat inherent is aan die hantering van aangeleenthede wat verband hou met tradisionele aangeleenthede, insluitend KhoiSan-leierskap, en om die ontwikkeling van stabiele en samehangende intergeloofsgemeenskappe te ondersteun.

Daar word verwys na die Witskrif oor tradisionele leierskap en bestuur in 2003 wat ‘n nasionale raamwerk daarstel, sit norme en standaarde uiteen wat die rol en plek van die instelling van tradisionele leierskap binne die Suid-Afrikaanse stelsel van demokratiese bestuur bepaal.   Dit poog verder om die instelling te ondersteun en te transformeer in ooreenstemming met grondwetlike imperatiewe en om die integriteit en legitimiteit van tradisionele leierskap te herstel in ooreenstemming met die inheemse wetgewing en gebruike in Afrika onderworpe aan die Grondwet van 1996.

Die NOP beoog om ‘n inklusiewe landelike ekonomie te skep en die samelewing deur ‘n verenigde land te transformeer.   Dit word uiteengesit deur uitkoms 14 (nasiebou en sosiale samehorigheid) van die regering se strategiese raamwerk vir die mediumtermyn van 2014 – 2019, waarmee die werk van die Departement van Tradisionele Sake nou in lyn is.   Op mediumtermyn wil die departement voortgaan om op die ontwikkeling van wetgewing te fokus om te verseker dat tradisionele leierskapsinstellings versterk word.

Belangrike aktiwiteite op mediumtermyn sluit die verhoging van die aantal funksionele strukture van tradisionele leierskap in deur die implementering van die Wetsontwerp op Tradisionele en KhoiSan-leierskap, wat eenmaal in werking getree het;   ondersteuning van die stigting van die nasionale KhoiSan-raad; stelsels daar te stel vir die vermindering van tradisionele geskille en eise oor leierskap en die ontwikkeling en implementering van ‘n kapasiteitsbouplan vir die instelling van tradisionele leierskap.

 

Provinsies

Suid-Afrika het reeds provinsiale huise van tradisionele leiers in die volgende provinsies in plek: Oos-Kaap, Vrystaat, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga en Noordwes.

Tradisionele leiers se nasionale en provinsiale huise versterk die samewerkingsverhoudinge binne die nasionale en provinsiale regering.

Plaaslike huise van tradisionele leiers verdiep en versterk die verhouding tussen munisipaliteite en tradisionele leiers oor gewoontereg en ontwikkelingsinisiatiewe.

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Tradisionele leierskap

Hoofstuk 11 van die Grondwet van 1996 bepaal dat die instelling, status en rolle van tradisionele leierskap volgens die gewoontereg erken word. Die regering erken die kritieke rol van tradisionele leierskapsinstellings in Suid-Afrika se grondwetlike demokrasie en in gemeenskappe, veral met betrekking tot die strategie vir landelike ontwikkeling. Dit bly dus daartoe verbind om die instelling van tradisionele leierskap te versterk.

Daarvoor is talle wetgewing goedgekeur en verskeie programme geïmplementeer om te verseker dat tradisionele leierskap ‘n belangrike bydrae lewer tot die ontwikkeling van die samelewing.

Die departement werk ook aan ‘n verskeidenheid kwessies, wat beleid oor eenheid en verskeidenheid insluit, inisiasie, tradisionele genesing, tradisionele leiersprotokol, stamboom, die vergoeding en voordele van tradisionele leiers op grond van eenvormige norme en standaarde, en wat die Khoisan betrek mense in die stelsel van bestuur in Suid-Afrika.

Huise van Tradisionele leiers

Wet 10 of 1997
Herroep deur

‘Council of Traditional Leaders Act’
‘National House of Traditional Leaders Act 22 of 2009’
https://www.gov.za/documents/council-traditional-leaders-act-1

Tradisionele rade

Verskeie Wetgewings het gevolglik die samestelling van tradisionele rade verander om voorsiening te maak vir ‘elemente van demokrasie’.   Daar word genoem dat 40% van die lede verkies moet word en dat ‘n derde van die lede vroue moet wees. Wetgewing het ook ‘n geleentheid geskep vir munisipaliteite en tradisionele rade om samewerkende bestuur te bewerkstellig.    Tradisionele rade het sterk ontwikkelingsaangeleenthede gekry en kan nou vennootskappe en diensleweringsooreenkomste met die regering op alle terreine aangaan.

Die Nasionale Khoisan-raad is daarop gemik om die Khoisan-gemeenskappe te verenig en ‘n platform te skep waardeur hulle as groep gemeenskappe aangespreek kan word. Die belangrikste kwessie is die statutêre erkenning en insluiting van die Khoisan-mense in formele regeringstrukture.

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Huise van tradisionele leiers

Die Grondwet van 1996 maak voorsiening vir die vestiging van Huise van Tradisionele leiers deur provinsiale of nasionale wetgewings.   Die Nasionale Huis van Tradisionele Leiers is gestig ingevolge die destydse Wet op die Huis van Tradisionele Leiers, 1997 (Wet 10 van 1997).

Die doelstellings en funksies daarvan is om die rol van tradisionele leierskap binne ‘n demokratiese grondwetlike bedeling te bevorder, eenheid en begrip tussen tradisionele gemeenskappe te bevorder en die nasionale regering te adviseer.

In al ses provinsies is tradisionele leiers gevestig, naamlik die Oos-Kaap, Vrystaat, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga en Noordwes.

Die nasionale en provinsiale huise van tradisionele leiers versterk die samewerkingsverhoudinge binne die nasionale en provinsiale regering, terwyl die vestiging van plaaslike huise van tradisionele leiers die verhouding tussen munisipaliteite en tradisionele leiers oor gewoontereg en ontwikkelingsinisiatiewe verdiep en sementeer.

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Neem waar dat die “Grondwet”, Witskrifte, die Nasionale Ontwikkelingsplan, asook SA parlement sowel wetgewing, slegs gerig is op die bevordering van bruin en swart volke, wat steeds aparte huise in Suid-Afrika teenwoordig het na 1994.    Dus, hoe kan aparte gebiede afgeskaf gewees het as dit steeds bestaan in verskillende dokumente.   Daar is wel ‘n internasonale reg wat bepaal dat elke volk die reg het om oor hulself te regeer in gebiede wat aan hulle behoort.

Wat het na 1994 verander soos wat fw de klerk en die ANC te kenne gee.   

Al die bogenoemde wetgewings en planne, verwys na die aparte tradisionele huise wat ook elkeen hu eie wetgewings in plek het of verander/vervang word.   Dit is ook volgens hul eie grondwlet beding waar etniese volke aparte gebiede het, nes voor 1994, maar dit word net anders genoem, naamlik trustgebiede of cpa’s.     Dit word ook grondeise genoem, waar elkeen op hul eie is.

Trustgebiede en CPA wetgewing bestaan reeds vanaf 1994 in die sogenaamde “demokrasie”.     Grondeise word sedert 1994 onder CPA wetgewing gedoen, om die indruk te wek dat “iemand” hul grond voor 1994 gesteel het, soos daar tekenne  gegee word in die media en in leiertoesprake.   Meeste woon steeds in die ou Tuislandgebiede , wat voor 1961 Reservate of Britse Kroongebiede geheet.  Natuurlik leef daar miljoene immigrante rondom ons op staatsgrond, wat ook meestal eens plase was wat voedsel produseer het.  

PREVIOUSLY

With segregation 1854 (Shepstone policy under British empire rules) there was already various separate areas and ethnic peoples (after Mfecane wars 1800’s) – they made wars against each other.   Areas were called Reserves and British Crownlands.

Then 1961 followed in those areas with Homelands with full independence and self-rule on the map for each people.   ALL of them have elections and voted their own leaders in place (not the white people or H F Verwoerd).  Some liberals call it “apartheid” but it was all separate developments.   They made their own choices, have flags and anthems in place, industries and schools have been built since 1955.

 

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That is all what it is – an identity card.   This is or was not the same type of card from Home Affairs.   Today all businesses require a safer system in place and have an identity card system into place, even for visitors.    If you want to enter a mine or the parliament as visitor, you need the necessary documents.  If you travel overseas, you need a passport or visum.  If you do not have one and enter such a country, if they find you, you will be deported.   The first internal passports in southern Africa were introduced on 27 June 1797 by the Earl Macartney in an attempt to exclude all natives from the Cape Colony.   Die gehate pasboek, en vandag dra ons almal ‘n pasboek, ‘n identiteitskaart of ou groen boekie.

Pass Laws – British colony 1797
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DR VERWOERD NEVER CALLED THE SYSTEM “APARTHEID”

Wat het Dr Verwoerd dit genoem?  Luister gerus self na video materiaal waar hy homself uitspreek oor die sogenaamde apartheid wat verkeerd verstaan word.    Verwoerd het meer vir swartes gedoen as die leiers vandag wat daarop roem wat alles beheer en regeer.  Hiervoor is hy vermoor.  Ons het nie swartes links en regs vermoor nie, daar was ‘n ordelike sisteme in plek, daar was opgetree teenoor terroriste wat bomme geplant het.

Goeie buurmanskap Dr Verwoerd

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Kgosi Lucas Manyane Mangope, one of the previous Homeland leaders had ruled a showpiece state, Bophuthatswana.  Bophuthatswana was one of the 10 homelands and independence (TBVC) was part of their future with Hendrik Verwoerd’s twinkling words, “a policy of good neighbourliness” (various speeches).

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All our ancestors lived under the British empire and their colonial control – various African countries as well as Canada and Australia.    It was first in the Cape colony followed by the Anglo Boer wars and annexations.  Mostly they were only focused on the minerals in certain areas like Witwatersrand and Kimberley.    In this southern part of Africa there were two independent Boer republics that were not part of the British empire, with minerals.

Shepstone – Natal, roots of segregation

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BRITISH CONTROL – BRITISH EMPIRE
This is the apartheid flag – where it started, long before 1900 – segregation started with the British empire under their control and flag.     1854 AND EVEN BEFORE
Dis waar apartheid begin het, by die Britse ryk onder hulle Vlag. (vlae – let wel, daar is meer as een vlag).
The Flag of the British South Africa Company was the flag used by the British South Africa Company (BSAC) and Rhodesia under company rule. It was adopted in 1892 and was used until 1923 when the south of Rhodesia voted to become Southern Rhodesia and the north was surrendered to the Colonial Office to become Northern Rhodesia

British Empire and their colonial rules/flags

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Before 1970.   Dr Verwoerd wanted justice to all – black, coloureds, asian and white, all ethnic groups of people to build their own future, life, culture, language, traditions, and all new challenges thereafter.   In line with international laws.    Here are the few videos of Dr Hendrik Verwoerd.   There are still segregation in South Africa after 1994.   There are traditional trustland like Ingonyama Trustland or Richtersveld (Khoi san) , belongs to certain groups of people, each with their own chiefmans and leaderships.

Dr Hendrik Verwoerd (1901-1966)

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George Soros financed the constitution of South Africa, parliament, black sash and legislations.  (others as well)
Suid-Afrika Parlement /South Africa Parliament

A white paper of SA Parliament – most of the ethnic peoples are not part of the so-called rainbow nation (30++ millions with the khoisan and others in the CPA’s)
Ooreenkomste – Agreements

December 2018
Traditional leaders South Africa: 8840

What perks are there for the traditional leaders
Ramaphosa’s new cabinet, mp’s and perks and traditional leaders

It is also written in their constitution.
South Africa: Traditional leaders

3 gedagtes oor “Traditional houses – South Africa”

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