Etniese volke in Suid-Afrika

ETHNIC PEOPLE – Different people – different cultures – diferent areas – different chiefdoms and different kings and traditional leaders.   Before 1994 it was well known as “homelands” or reserves since 1840’s.   APARTHEID (SEGREGATION) was created by their own leaders 1806-1854, not by Verwoerd, nor by any whites.  (Shepstone policy 1854).

South African Culture | South Africa

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Boere and Afrikaners are not the same people, do not have the same cultures as the other tribe and people.  They don’t have the same traditions, clothing, nothing.

There are still segregation between Khoisan, Sotho, Zulu, Xhosa and other people – with 8840 traditional leaders, also living on different Trustlands and CPA’s (landclaims) , with own legislations and cultures.  Most blacks voted for the ANC but the tribes do have huge differences and inner fights.

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Suid-Afrika bestaan nie net uit een groot nasie nie.   Selfs die swartes en khoi san volke is verskillende volke, ook op politieke vlakke.

Wat het verander? voor en na 1994 ?  Hoeveel mense word vandag onderdruk en wie keur al die korrupsie en misdaad toe?   Daar is steeds aparte gebiede soos voor 1994.
Segregasie – “Apartheid”

What happened before 1900? – Reserves / locations or british crown lands, were created by the British empire and those black leaders in 1848-1854, and the Shepstone Policy (1854).   It was just after the 6 Mfecane wars.  Black and other leaders agreed to their own areas and “chiefmanships”, not the Boer, Afrikaner or any white.
Trustgebiede>Tuislande>Reservate

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There are no similarities that the man Mandela mentioned at that time in his video and what happened today, after a 25 year period.   It is based on lies and what followed after 1994 is nothing less than violation of our minorities human rights.   There are no legacy at all and promises in this video are full of lies.
Leuens na 1994 en SKENDING van Menseregte

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About Homelands
Stem uit die Graf

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Voor 1994 het van die gebiede  selfregerings gehad, op pad na volle onafhanklikheid.    Dit was reeds deur die SA regering erken.  Dis ook  ‘n Internasionale reg wat elke volk mag geniet.   Liberale blankes wat hulle wil assosieer met enige van die volke het volle reg om dit te doen en saam hulle te lewe.  Konserwatiewe Boere, blankes het dieselfde regte as ander, as volk.

Na 25 jaar is dit baie duidelik hoe word ons vertrap, alles wat ons opgebou het op ‘n westerse en beskaafde manier, is nie net geplunder en stukkend nie, maar daar is meer as honderd wetgewing wat rassisties teen ons diskrimineer, net omdat ons blank is.    

Ons as konserwatiewe Afrikaners en Boere, vorm nie deel van enige van die kulture nie, maar het ook menseregte wat geskend word.  Meeste van die ou tradisionele tuislande is na 1994 omskep in Trustgebiede of CPA’s waar miljoene steeds woon, werk en hul kultuurfeeste hou.   

Ons het geen ooreenkomste met enige van die etniese swart / khoisan volke nie, nie in taal, kultuur, tradisies of identiteit nie.  Ons as volk het ‘n reg om oor onsself te regeer.

READ ALSO:

We as people do not want to be part of the so-called “rainbow nation of De Klerk.   We never voted for this in any case. Why must we do away with our culture and destroy our own identity in the process?
Etniese volke / Ethnic people (SA)

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Read about the different black ethnic groups in South Africa:

https://answersafrica.com/south-african-tribes.html

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SAN PEOPLE

The word San comes from the Khoekhoe language. It is not clear what it means; probably it refers to people without cattle or people who forage for their food. It is generally applied to the hunting and gathering peoples of southern Africa who are descended from the original humans in this region of Africa.

The term San came into use along with the word Khoesan in the late 1920s and 1930s. The terms were coined by Leonhard Schulze and promoted in the English speaking world by Isaac Schapera.

Previously San people had been referred to by different names: Soaqua (also a Khoe word), Bosjesmanne, Bushmen, Basarwa, Batwa, Abathwa, Baroa and so forth. San people had names for themselves, such as |Xam-ka-!e (the Karoo San), N||n‡e (southern Kalahari San), ||Xegwi (North Drakensberg San), etc. In the N|u language, spoken by the N||n‡e people, the word for San hunter-gatherers is Sasi. This word may have had the same origin as the word San, but it also refers to the sacred eland antelope.

The Khoekhoe identifies various peoples who speak languages from the western branch of the Khoe language family. Typically Khoekhoen (plural form) were cattle and sheep herders, at least for the last 2 500 years. Some San peoples spoke the same language as the Khoekhoen, these include many ‡Khomani and other historical San groups and the Hai||om of the Etosha region. The term Khoe-San was coined by Schulze to capture the group of peoples in the region all of whom spoke aboriginal languages with clicks in them.

http://www.san.org.za/history.php

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Aparte wetgewing – separate legislation
Traditional and Khoi-San Leadership Bill

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There are various kinds of minerals in South Africa – we all know that and we all know that there were different WARS about this minerals and there are still today the same WARS, between the people and those “elites” that wanted everything for themselves.  Richtersveld area was also a land claim from the Khoi san people and that changed the property (ies) as a registered CPA (s).
Richtersveld – Diamonds

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2007 Thabo Mbeki signed those “agreements” of the Khoisan areas, and it was during his time it was handled.  The biggets land-claim in South Africa’s history was – and is – wrapped up in a scam involving a community leader and his family.    (Listen to the video material – everything they received with the landclaim).
Richtersveld – KHOISAN AND CPA

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GRIEKWA PEOPLE

https://rediscoveringafricaheritage.wordpress.com/2017/10/08/griqua-people-of-south-africa-and-namibia/

The Griqua People also known as Griekwa, Chariqua,  Korana or Koranna can be found in South Africa and Namibia,  they are related to the Khoikhoi People , Basters and Oorlam People.

According to the Oral history Griqua occupied the central part of Present day South Africa in 1848, It is believed they were guaranteed some degree of astronomy by treaty with the British Governor in South Africa,  under the leadership of Adam Kok III,  It is claimed they sided with the British in a war against the Boers,  Adam Kokl llI was a Chief who led his people from their home in the Orange free State in Present day South Africa and they founded the Griqualand on the east coast,  he was described as an Independent ally of the British but colonial pressures ultimately led to the annexation of Griqualand East by the Cape Colony,  It is said Adam Kok lll succeeded to rule the Griqua nation, Adam Kok lll was said to be friendly to the British administration in Cape Colony and he was recognized of his status of dominion in 1848…….

https://solomonstar.live/the-land-of-milk-and-honey/

In Bergsig, the coloured community, which makes up 79% of the whole town’s population, there are a few tar roads. Most Nama people who have wrongfully been labelled as ‘coloured’ during Apartheid census, live in four room match boxes with outside toilets.  I had never in real life seen a swimming pool in Springbok. My father had not seen a black person until he was fourteen years old and went to Cape Town for his grandmother’s funeral. My father always says things were much better under Apartheid.

Related image

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ZULU PEOPLE

2016 – (does not include the emigrants from other countries)

South Africa is one of the most ethnically diverse countries in the world; its 51.77 million people come from dozens of ethnic groups, and the country has 11 official languages (plus hundreds of unofficial ones). The official census categories are quite broad and do not necessarily reflect all the ethnicities that make their home in South Africa: black Africans make up 76.4% of the population, whites 9.1%, coloured 8.9%, and Indian or Asian 2.5%, while 0.5% are “unspecified.” Here is a further breakdown of the most populous ethnic groups in South Africa, from Afrikaner to Zulu.

South Africa’s Incredible Ethnic Diversity, From Afrikaner To Zulu

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7 August 2019 – King Goodwill Zwelithini is not pleased with plans to have the Ingonyama Trust Land Act repealed and has vowed to fight for the 2.8 million hectares of land in KwaZulu-Natal that is under his custodianship as the sole trustee. We look at five things that the King has previously said about the Ingonyama Trust (only for Zulu people)
Ingonyama Trust – King Goodwill Zwelithini –

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Most of the ethnic Black and Khoisan/coloureds have their own identity, culture and traditional events, etc.  Most of them have their own culture houses as well. The Zulu king also have a yearly event, in 2016 they were 200 years old.  Meeste Swart en Khoisan / bruin gemeenskappe het hul eie identiteit, asook tradisonele en kultuurfeeste wat herdenk word vir hulself.   Daar is selfs kultuurhuise opgerig vir elkeen.
Ingonyama Trust – Zwelithini –

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During the Kodesa negotiations there were agreements to sign “peace on the table” – Ingonyama Trust and Ingonyama trust legislation.  After 1994 other legislation, like those for the Khoi khoi and San as well as the separate CPA legislation, where certain people have the opportunity to claim land and rule there own “chiefdoms” or whatever the case maybe.
“Zulu kingdom” Ingonyama Trust

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Zulu King Reed Dance

Image result for zulu dancing culture traditions

XHOSA PEOPLE

https://buzzsouthafrica.com/xhosa-tribe-culture-and-language/

Image result for xhosa dancing culture traditions

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SHANGAAN VILLAGE

This tribe has direct family links to Shaka, king of the Zulus, but has been living in this area since the first half of the eighteenth century. In what is essentially an ancestral home to families of this tribe, the inhabitants have created a place that is a source of great pride to their people, and provides visitors with the opportunity to learn about their culture.

Part of the experience is a traditional meal with a family. The menu includes honeyglazed sweet potatoes, freshly baked maizebread, beef potroast, wild spinach with ground peanuts and other traditional dishes. The village market is a vibrant place, alive with the sounds of argaining and people plying their trade.

The market concentrates on local craft and guests may browse past and talk to the artists themselves. The shopping experience takes on extra value when the artist explains the symbolism attached to each article, and you carry a piece of Africa home with you, lovingly crafted with skilled hands. After the visit to the village, the tour passes through the mystical kraal of the sangoma and visitors learn about traditional medicines and healing practices. As the sun sets over the mountains, guests are led through the bush towards the great Kraal of Chief Soshangana. As they approach, the beating of drums grows louder and warriors usher them into a dramatic flame-lit village. Here, choirs and dancers tell the story of the Shangaan people through music and dance. The chief’s wives serve a traditional feast, including crocodile strips in a spicy peanut sauce, mopane worms, baked butternut, fire-grilled corn wheels and an array of other Shangaan dishes.

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TSONGA PEOPLE

VaTsonga are a coastal people that Inhabits South-East Africa,spread out in Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, South Africa and Swaziland. There are over 12 million Tsonga speakers in the world of all Xitsonga variants; majority is in Mozambique, then followed by South Africa.

Tsonga means East, it is the Southern pronunciation of the word Rhonga, which means East. The Tsonga people are also known as Tonga or Thonga. The Tsonga ethnic group is a combination of various groups of different origins such asMbai, Karanga (Rozwi, Ndau etc.) and Nguni and Sotho (Arrived eVutsonga around the 1800s). These groups came to eVutsonga for different reasons; Vutsonga was set up different to their Kingdoms and surrounding Kingdoms. Vutsonga was an economic hub and was less hostile, and international with Persia and Asia was booming. New Chiefdoms and Kingdoms were established, but these identities were formed on cultural assimilation and not conquest or war. Language linked the people of the East, cultural customs separated them from people on the other side of Save, the people of BuKaranga, and the Ngoni on the South.

They are different tribes and languages:
https://afrikanprincess.com/2015/12/07/african-cultures-by-young-africans-tsonga-ethnic-group/

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SOTHO PEOPLE

https://buzzsouthafrica.com/sotho-people-language-and-culture/

Image result for pedi dancing culture traditions

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PEDI PEOPLE

The first group is the Northern Sotho also called Pedi and Bapedi. The Pedi society arose out of a confederation of small chiefdoms that had been established sometime before the 17th century in what later became the Northern Transvaal (Northern Province).

Defeated early in the 19th century by the armies of Mzilikazi, they revived under the leadership of Sekwati. Thereafter, they repeatedly clashed with the Voortrekkers during the later half of the 19th century.

History

Note they did not stay on places …

It appears that the Sotho people also migrated southward from the Great Lakes in Central Africa about 5 centuries ago in successive waves and the last group, namely, the Hurutse, settled in the Western Transvaal towards the beginning of the 16th century. It is from this group that the Pedi eventually originated through the Bakgatla offshoot that takes its name from the chief Mokgatla.

Very little is known of the history of the Bakgatla people for the first few generations after their founder Mokgatla had withdrawn from the originating group, but it is known that, arising from a further split at a later date, a chief by the name of Tabane left with his followers and settled at what is now known as Schilpadfontein in the vicinity of Pretoria.

It is not known how long they lived there, but Tabane appears to have been succeeded by his son Motsha, whose son and heir Diale (or Liale) had a number of wives, the youngest of whom was his favourite, Mathobele.

The other wives were jealous of her favoured position and when she was expecting her first child they would tease and mock her; saying that her child cried whilst still in her womb. Mathobele gave birth to a healthy boy, and named him ‘Lellelateng’ meaning ‘it cries inside’, but the unusual event was attributed to witchcraft and the Kgatla council, wanted to kill the mother and child.

Diale interceded for them and they were both saved. However, as the baby grew older it became apparent that he would not be accepted by the tribe, and it seems that he and his family, together with a large following, broke away or were driven away and trekked to the east with their flocks and herds to start the Pedi nation.

By 1800 Thulare was the leader of the Pedi Empire in the northeastern Transvaal. His capital Manganeng lay on the Tubatse / Steelpoort River. The Pedi consisted of several tribes, who enjoyed great wealth under Thulare’s rule and he is still honoured as a great chief and leader to this day. His death in 1824 – during a solar eclipse was followed by 2 years of disputes over his successor.

There is some uncertainty as to Thulare’s successor as about 1826, about 2 years after his death, the whole Pedi Empire was crushed and disrupted by Mzilikazi’s reign of terror throughout the Transvaal. However, in the chaos that followed Sekwati, the senior living son of Thulare, gathered what he could of the Pedi and fled to the north where he took refuge with Ramapulana to whom the

Pedi were related some 5 generations before. He left behind him a country devastated by the Matabele who had completely stripped the land of all stock and grain. The remaining people of the old Pedi Empire had fled into the mountains and caves from where they would venture into the night to find whatever food they could.

Many of the people became cannibals and eventually, after an absence of about 4 years, Sekwati returned and reconstructed the dominance of the Pedi and rid their land of the cannibals. He established himself at Phiring near Pokwani on a rocky hill, which is known today as Magali’s Location.

Although the Pedi originated from the Bakgatla and were of Sotho origin, their inter-marriage with other tribes by defeating them, ended up in the application of many other words in the Pedi language and customs which are not of Sotho origin, but which are akin to the Venda and Lovedu and the Karanga from Zimbabwe.

Sekwati’s successor, Sekhukhune, initially consolidated the power of the Pedi, but years of drought and a series of attacks from the South African Republic and the Swazi chiefdom weakened the Pedi during the 1870s.

However, in 1845, the Voortrekkers, under Hendrik Potgieter, established a settlement at Ohrigstad in terms of a treaty with the Pedi. But this did not stop the Pedi from stealing their cattle, and soon there were problems with grazing rights and labour.

This situation deteriorated for many years until in 1876 the Voortrekkers waged war on the Pedi, under Sekhukhune. The Voortrekkers main objective was to capture the assets of the Pedi, however, their plans were thwarted by what could only be described as a ‘trench system’. Thus the Voortrekkers had to lay siege and try to starve the Pedi into submission. They harassed the Pedi in every way possible and impeded their crop cultivation and the grazing of their cattle.

The Voortrekkers demanded 2 000 head of cattle as repayment, but Sekhukhune refused to pay. They had hoped for a quick peace, but this situation continued until the British annexed the Transvaal in April 1877.

In early 1878 the war was resumed – this time by the British under Theophilus Shepstone, who saw Sekhukhune as a hindrance to British Imperialist amitions in southern Africa. The war was divided into 3 phases.

The first phase was initiated by an attack on Sekhukhune’s sister, Lekgolane, who, after leaving, rejoined her brother fearing he would attack her. But the British underestimated the Pedi resistance, which ended up in a standoff.

The second phase took place in August 1879 after the end of the Anglo-Zulu War when the British attacked Sekhukhune with a force of 139 infantry and 338 mounted men – all regular army. The Pedi ambushed them and, using the rugged mountainous terrain to their advantage, frustrated the British advance so much that they were forced to retreat to Fort Burgers.

The third and final phase took place after the Zulu War in November 1879 when 3 500 British regular troops and 3 000 Transvaal levies combined forces with 8 000 Swazi warriors to remove Sekhukhune from his kraal. While the British and the Transvalers made a frontal attack, the Swazi made a rear attack by swarming over the Pedi’s entrenched positions on the mountain.

In a battle lasting over 5 hours the Pedi were defeated. However, a number of them were able to escape and hide in the holes of a small, honeycombed hill, the Ntswaneng, from where they had to be smoked out. When night fell, the few survivors escaped under a cover of mist and darkness.

Sekhukhune was captured and sentenced to a long term of imprisonment, but when the British withdrew from the Transvaal after the first Anglo-Boer War, he was released. In that same year, the Transvaal government seized much of the Pedi land and forced many to work as labourers on white-owned farms.

The Pedi believe in ancestors and gods, they believe that through ancestors they can talk to gods about their needs. They also believe that when the time is right young men and women should go to initiation school. They also reckoned that anyone who violates how things are done concerning culture and their tradition is to be taken away from the village.

Pedi Rituals: When it comes to marriage the elders would choose the spouse for their son or daughter. If the parents knew their child liked someone in the village they would go to that family and introduce themselves, to discuss the future nuptials. And thereafter arrangements would be made on how the two people would meet.

read more
https://www.krugerpark.co.za/africa_pedi.html

The Pedi culture
http://southafrica.co.za/the-pedi.html

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TEMBO (AND THE BRITISH CROWN)

TRANSKEI
(Matanzima)

Sociopolitical history of the Transkei told through the life story of King Sabata Dalindyebo. One of seven films broadcast in 1994 by SABC in the series “Unbanned”.

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Abathembu King Buyelekhaya Dalindyebo’s Bumbane Great Place, about 50km from Mthatha, is deserted.

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Afrikaner en Boer people since 1652

The current communist government (with the various political parties), as well as the previously old regime, Broederbond, white liberals and classical liberals, already destroyed our Afrikaner and Boer peoples’ rights since 1994 , to live with no recognition as Afrikaner and Boer people in its own country, like Botswana do today.   All of them financed by OSF.SA or Cato Institute, as well as others.  Look into their websites and who is George Soros and the British CPA.   They controlled all of us by their so-called “liberal – democratic” communist constitution and also various legislations like black empowerment and expropriation of properties that violated our human rights, also since 1994 – link and read the Hansards and legislations, it is open to all of us.
Statelessness – Violation of Human Rights and international crimes

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Die geskiedenis van die Trekboere bewys daar was heelwat handelsbetrekkinge / ooreenkomste/ verdrae wat aangegaan is, tussen ons voorouers en swart stamme wat na die Mfecane begin vestig het.   Ooreenkomste het in die vorm van ruil transaksies ontstaan vir dienste gelewer van een party wat betaal is in die vorm van grond deur die ander party.   Hierdie grondgebiede was grotendeels nie bewoon nie.
Vryheid – Nieuwe Republiek (Boer-Zoeloe)

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This book – “Diamonds, Gold and War: The British, the Boers and the Making of South Africa” was explained in the video,  by the speakers and it is how  South Africa became an Artificial state – Land was annexed by the British empire and not by us, or as some do believe we created that state with the Union of South Africa.     To force our people to be British.  We were never part of them, but it was only a few of them.   A failed state of corruption and crime.
Diamonds, Gold and War: The British, the Boers and the Making of South Africa

3 gedagtes oor “Etniese volke in Suid-Afrika”

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