UN Resolution 1514 Self-determination for people

The two independent recognised Boer Republics were annexed by the British empire and during colonial rules in southern Africa.   In 1900 there was NO country with the name South Africa.   The Union of SA started 1910 and legislations were made in London.  The British empire also annexed all other peoples (Zulu, Khoisan, etc) areas/land and called it RESERVES OR CROWNLAND.   Not the 1948-1961 governments/people or Boers.

Documents | The United Nations and Decolonization

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As gevolg van Britse inmenging het verskeie volke in suidelike Afrika hul gebiede verloor as gevolg van anneksasies.   Khoisan en Griekwa gebiede, sowel die ander swart gebiede is Kroongebiede of Reservate genoem, met slegs kommunale regte.  Die twee onafhanklike Boere republieke is tydens die twee Anglo-Boere oorloë  geannekseer saam al die minerale regte in 1902.

Die reservate waar swartes gebly het en oorspronklik self gevestig het, is deur Brittanje afgeneem.  Later in 1961 het dit Tuislande geword, en waarvoor die swart inwoners amptelike gestem het vir volle onafhanklikheid.  Dit word as ‘apartheid’ gesien en as misdaad beskou.   Dit was reeds in plek as Reservate en khoisan /griekwa gebiede is Kroongebiede genoem.

Daar was REEDS aparte gebiede in 1961 en kon nie apartheid gewees het as dit toe al bestaan het in 1900 nie.   Al hierdie volke het ook ‘n reg tot eie land, regering en beheer soos Botswana – die Boerevolk ook.

Die inwoners van die Boere republieke het hulself Boere genoem.   Hulle was nie almal landbouers nie.  Ons gebiede moet herstel word wat dit was in 1902.  Dit sluit die Retief traktaat gebied in asook die Boere Vryheidsrepubliek.

Shepstone – Natal, roots of segregation

Apartheid – 1854

Jan Smuts – Churchill – Rhodes  – apartheid  : British rules

The two independent Boer Republics came under British colonial control .   

The 1902 Peace of Vereeniging, which ended the Boer Wars, annexed the Orange Free State to the British Empire.

Two independent Boer republics

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The declaration characterized foreign rule as a violation of human rights, affirmed the right to self-determination, and called for an end to colonial rule.   

In 1960, the General Assembly (UN) adopted the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples (General Assembly resolution 1514 (XV)), known also as the Declaration on Decolonization.

When the United Nations was established in 1945, 750 million people – almost a third of the world’s population then – lived in Territories that were non-self-governing, dependent on colonial Powers.

Since then, more than 80 former colonies have gained their independence. Among them, all 11 Trust Territories have achieved self-determination through independence or free association with an independent State. Former Non-Self-Governing Territories ceased to be on the list of Non-Self-Governing Territories due to their change in status or as a result of their choice of independence, free association or integration with an independent State. Today, there are 17 Non-Self-Governing Territories remaining and fewer than 2 million people live in such Territories.

https://www.un.org/dppa/decolonization/en/about

PEOPLE – VOLK 


Meeting:  14 December 1960. 

1514 (XV)

Declaration on the granting of independence to colonial countries and peoples

The General, Assembly

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Conscious of the need for the creation of conditions of stability and well-being and peaceful and friendly relations based on respect for the principles of equal rights and self-determination of all peoples, and of universal respect for, and observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language or religion.

Affirming that peoples may, for their own ends, freely dispose of their natural wealth and resources without prejudice to any. obligations arising out of international economic co-operation, based upon the principle of mutual benefit, and international law.

Convinced that all peoples have an inalienable right to complete freedom, the exercise of their sovereignty and the integrity of their national territory.

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And to this end Declares that:

2. All peoples have the right to self-determination; by virtue of that right they freely determine their
political statt1s and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development.

3. Inadequacy of political, economic, social or educational preparedness should never serve as a pretext for delaying independence.

4. All armed action or repressive measures of all kinds directed against dependent peoples shall cease
in order to enable them to exercise peacefully and freely their right to complete independence, and the integrity of their national territory shall be respected.

5. Immediate steps shall be taken, in Trust and Non-Self-Governing Territories or all other territories which have not yet attained independence, to transfer all powers to the peoples of those territories,
without any conditions or reservations, in accordance , with their freely expressed will and desire, without any distinction as to race, creed or colour, in order to enable them to enjoy complete independence and freedom.

7. All States shall observe faithfully and strictly the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations,
the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the present Declaration on the basis of equality, noninterference in the internal affairs of all States, and respect for the sovereign rights of all peoples and their territorial integrity.

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https://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/RESOLUTION/GEN/NR0/152/88/PDF/NR015288.pdf?OpenElement

https://www.ohchr.org/en/instruments-mechanisms/instruments/declaration-granting-independence-colonial-countries-and-peoples

Een gedagte oor “UN Resolution 1514 Self-determination for people”

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