Soviet Union

Die reg vir etnisiteit en eie identiteit, is ‘n volkereg en in lyn met internasionale reg, het elke volk die reg om hul eie leiers in hul eie gebiede te mag hê, onafhanklik te regeer.   Streng gesproke was die Sowet Unie wel ‘n konfederasie, maar elke staat word op hul eie Republieke genoem.  Neem kennis hoe groot is die ou Republieke, wat onafhanklikheid verkry het.

Soviet Union | History, Leaders, Flag, Map, & Anthem | Britannica

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ETNIESE VOLKE EN REPUBLIEKE

Die Sowjetunie het bestaan uit meer as ‘n dosyn republieke wat oor Europa en Asië gestrek het, wat in 1922 as ‘n konfederasie gestig is.

Rusland, Wit-Rusland, Ukraïne en Transkaukasië (bestaande uit Georgië, Azerbeidjan en Armenië), het die Unie van Sosialistiese Sowjetrepublieke (USSR) uiteindelik gegroei tot 15 republieke – ‘n wêreldwye supermoondheid – sterk.    Tog was daar etniese verskille tussen mekaar waar elkeen hul eie gebied gehad het.  Daar word geskryf dat daar oor die 130 etniese groepe die uitgestrekte land, wat oor 11 tydsones gestrek het, bevolk het.

Heelwat Afrika lande het net so baie etniese volksgroepe en wat in tuislande / trustgebiede of selfs na 1900 onafhanklikheid verkry het.   In Suid-Afrika is daar heelwat verskillende etniese volke wat steeds apart van mekaar woonagtig is en werksaam.

Aparte gebiede het al voor 1900 ontstaan onder Britse kolonialisme as Reservate (vir Swartes, waar meerderheid volksgroepe woonagtig was) sowel Kroongebiede (Khoisan, Griekwas en gekleurdes).  Daar is nooit afstand gedoen van die sogenaamde aparte gebiede nie, want dit bestaan al sedert na die Mfecane oorloë waar veral swartes kom vestig het na 1830.  Daar is vandag oor die 8840 tradisionele Swart en Khoisan/Griekwa leiers wat hul eie gebiede het en beheer, met spesifieke wetgewings.

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The Soviet Union comprised of more than a dozen republics stretching across Europe and Asia. After the collapse, each forged a different path.    Founded in 1922 as a confederation of Russia, Belarus, Ukraine and Transcaucasia (comprised of Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia), the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) eventually grew to 15 republics—and a world-wide superpower. Nearly 130 ethnic groups populated the vast country, which spanned 11 time zones.

According to a professor of history at Brooklyn College, Brigid O’Keeffee, fears of nationalist revolts by non-Russians led the Bolsheviks in the early days of the Soviet Union to guarantee the right to national territories, native-language schools and cultural organizations while using those institutions to saturate the population with socialist values and practices.

“In many ways, the Bolsheviks’ nationality policy worked as intended—in the sense that it helped to integrate non-Russian peoples into the evolving Soviet state, society, economy and culture,” she says. “But it also relentlessly demanded that Soviet people think about themselves in national terms, and it placed ethnicity at the center of Soviet politics.”

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During the period of its existence, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was by area the world’s largest country. It was also one of the most diverse, with more than 100 distinct nationalities living within its borders. The majority of the population, however, was made up of East Slavs (Russians, Ukrainians, and Belorussians); these groups together made up more than two-thirds of the total population in the late 1980s.

At its greatest extent, between 1946 and 1991 (the figures and descriptions given below refer to this period), the U.S.S.R. covered some 8,650,000 square miles (22,400,000 square kilometres), seven times the area of India and two and one-half times that of the United States. The country occupied nearly one-sixth of the Earth’s land surface, including the eastern half of Europe and roughly the northern third of Asia.

The U.S.S.R. extended more than 6,800 miles (10,900 kilometres) from east to west, covering 11 of the world’s 24 time zones. The most westerly point was on the Baltic Sea, near Kaliningrad; the easternmost was Cape Dezhnev on the Bering Strait, nearly halfway around the world. From north to south the U.S.S.R. extended some 2,800 miles from Cape Chelyuskin to Kushka on the Afghan border. Nearly half the territory of the U.S.S.R. was north of 60° N, at the same latitude as Alaska, Baffin Island, and Greenland.

https://www.britannica.com/place/Soviet-Union

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Die Gemenebes van Onafhanklike State (GOS) was ‘n ietwat onsuksesvolle poging van Rusland om die USSR bymekaar te hou in ‘n ekonomiese alliansie. Dit is in 1991 gestig en het baie van die onafhanklike republieke ingesluit wat die USSR gevorm het.

Lande wat die voormalige USSR tot stand gebring het

Van die vyftien samestellende republieke van die USSR het drie van hierdie lande ‘n paar maande voor die val van die Sowjetunie in 1991 verklaar en onafhanklikheid verleen. Die oorblywende twaalf het nie onafhanklik geword voordat die USSR op 26 Desember 1991 heeltemal geval het nie.

  • Armenië
  • Azerbaijan
  • Wit-Rusland
  • Estland – Toegestaan ​​onafhanklikheid in September 1991 en is nie lid van die GOS nie.
  • Georgia – Onttrek van die GOS in Mei 2005.
  • Kazakstan
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Letland – Toegestaan ​​onafhanklikheid in September 1991 en is nie lid van die GOS nie.
  • Litaue – Toegestaan ​​onafhanklikheid in September 1991 en is nie lid van die GOS nie.
  • Moldawië – Voorheen bekend as Moldawië.
  • Rusland
  • Tadjikistan
  • Turkmenistan – Geassosieerde lid van die GOS.
  • Oekraïne Deelnemende lid van die GOS.
  • Oesbekistan

https://af.eferrit.com/wat-was-die-ussr-en-watter-lande-was-daar-in/

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COMMUNIST COUNTRY

The Soviet Union was the world’s first communist country. It was established following a civil war in Russia that raged from 1917 to 1921. The Soviet Union controlled a vast amount of territory and competed with the United States in a conflict known as the Cold War, which at several moments put the world on the brink of a nuclear war and also drove the Space Race.

The Soviet Union’s full name was the “Union of Soviet Socialist Republics” or U.S.S.R. “Soviet” comes from the name for workers’ councils, and the hammer and sickle on its red flag symbolically represented the labor of the country’s workers.

The Soviet Union’s influence on the world was huge and still has an impact today. In the decades after the founding of the U.S.S.R., communist governments emerged that still exist now in China, Cuba and North Korea, among other countries.

read more:

https://www.livescience.com/soviet-union-history

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