Ukraine independence

The U.S. recognized Ukraine after the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991. The United States has traditionally sought to promote Ukrainian political and economic stability since the Ukraine declared independence from Russia.   The relations of the United States with the Ukraine have, however, been complicated by Ukraine’s historical relationship with Russia.  There are various articles / documents or videos about it.

When did Ukraine gain independence from the Soviet Union? How did country  leave USSR and Russia ties explained | NationalWorld

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The United States recognized Ukraine’s independence on December 25, 1991, when President George H.W. Bush announced the decision in an address to the nation regarding the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Ukraine previously had been a constituent republic of the USSR.

The American Embassy in Kiev was established on January 23, 1992, with Jon Gundersen as Chargé d’Affaires ad interim.

https://history.state.gov/countries/ukraine

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Ukraine, the second largest country in Europe, gained independence in 1991 following the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

Ukraine’s heritage goes back more than a thousand years to when Kyiv, now Ukraine’s capital, was at the centre of the first Slavic state, Kyvian Rus.

This was the birthplace of both Ukraine and Russia.

In A.D. 988 Vladimir I, the grand prince of Kyiv, accepted the Orthodox Christian faith and was baptised. From that moment on, the Russian leader Vladimir Putin declared Russians and Ukrainians as one people.

Over the past 10 centuries, Ukraine has repeatedly been carved up by competing powers.

In the 17th century, war between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Tsardom of Russia caused the east to become known as “Left Bank” Ukraine and lands to the west of the Dnieper River to be ruled by Poland.

World War I and the Bolshevik revolution in 1917 triggered upheaval in the areas that now constitute Ukraine.

The new Bolshevik government signed a treaty in 1918 ceding some of Russia’s domains to the Central powers and recognising the independence of others, including Ukraine.

More than a century later, in 1793, the “Right Bank” (western) Ukraine was annexed by the Russian Empire.

The Bolsheviks eventually emerged triumphant and officially declared the Ukrainian Socialist Soviet Republic in 1922.

In 1994 Russia signed an agreement to respect independent Ukraine’s independence and sovereignty.

With the 2004 enlargement of the European Union, Ukraine became an area of overlapping spheres of influence of the EU and the Russian Federation.

This manifested in a political split between the “pro-Russian” Eastern Ukraine, and the “pro-European” Western Ukraine, leading to an ongoing political turmoil period culminating in 2014  with the Crimean Crisis when Russia invaded and annexed the Crimean Peninsula from Ukraine.

Russia has long resisted Ukraine’s move towards NATO and the EU.

Mr Putin has claimed Ukraine was never a proper state and is just a puppet of the West.

Some 150,000 Russian troops have been massed along Ukraine’s borders and fears are rising over an imminent invasion.

https://www.nationalworld.com/news/world/ukraine-what-year-did-the-country-gain-independence-and-when-was-it-founded-3580395

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The 1918 Brest-Litovsk treaty signed by Germany and Russia included Russia’s recognition of several independent countries, including Poland, Finland, Ukraine, Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania – all former parts of the Russian Empire. A few years later, Russia subverted and attacked Ukraine, using methods similar to those used in 2014-15 (trying to blow up internal conflicts into a civil war, sending regular and irregular troops, forming puppet governments). This was successful in that Ukraine lost the short-lived independence and became a part of the USSR. Russia also attacked Poland, but was beaten under Warsaw.

https://www.quora.com/Was-Ukraine-ever-a-country-historically-and-from-what-is-its-sense-of-national-identity-derived

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A look at Ukraine’s 2014 unrest through the lens of modern history.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yZkqFRByOM0

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Putin has begun his invasion of Ukraine. But why? We explain the history between the two countries, and why Putin wants revenge. Part 1. 

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Taught by Professor Vejas Gabriel Liulevicius, an award-winning professor at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, these 24 insightful lectures offer a sweeping 1,000-year history of Eastern Europe with a particular focus on the region’s modern history. You’ll observe waves of migration and invasion, watch empires rise and fall, witness wars and their deadly consequences—and come away with a comprehensive knowledge of one of the world’s most fascinating places.

This course goes far beyond issues of military and political history. Professor Liulevicius delves deeply into the cultures of this region—the 20 nations that stretch from the Baltic to the Black Seas. You’ll meet the everyday citizens—including artists and writers—who shaped the politics of Eastern Europe, from poets-turned-politicians to proletarian workers who led dissident uprisings. Breathtaking in scope and crucially relevant to today’s world, A History of Eastern Europe is a powerful survey of a diverse region and its people.

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Brief History of Ukraine: Kyivan Rus | ZnaU

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Wat te kenne gegee word is dat GEEN land wil graag in ‘n oorlog betrokke raak nie.   Ons in Suid-Afrika is so gewoond aan die rewolusies wat rondom ons plaasvind, dat ons die totale werklikheid van sake verloor het.  Hoeveel besighede wat met trots opgebou is in 100 jaar, is in 27 jaar totaal vernietig.  Sommige winkelsentrums is nuut gebou, binne ‘n week geplunder en tot op die grond afgebrand.  Daagliks word mense uitvermoor en veral ons Boere wat die voedselvoorsieners is, loop erg deur.   Dit word egter internasionaal deur die president erken moorde en aanrandings vind nie plaas nie.  Dus, ons is self in ‘n rassistiese oorlog gewikkel waar daar bykans daagliks gesing word om blankes te vermoor.

Liberale blankes leef in hul eie droomkanton waar daar nie plaasaanvalle en moorde plaasvind nie.  Al wat vir hulle belangrik is, is die 1996 grondwet hoe om van blankes ontslae te raak met swart bemagtiging en regstelaksies.

Tragies dat dit wat nou in Europa (Ukraine-Rusland) gebeur, wel gebeur en plaasvind, wat ookal dit laat ontplof het.   Is dit die laboratoriums wat dodelike virusse navors en berg en vir watter doel word daar soveel laboratoriums onderhou?   Alles sal ook afhang of dit verder gaan eskaleer en groter word en wat die Russiese einddoel hiermee is.  Geen oorlog is aanvaarbaar nie, daar is altyd onskuldiges wat onnodig sterf.

Hoeveel van die inligting vals is of ook dalk van vorige en ander geleenthede as nou in 2022 aanvaar word, is ook al bevraagteken.   Sommige media berigte is nie altyd alles waar nie – die afgelope 2 jaar is bewys hiervan.

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