Zimbabwe-Russia Platinum (more platinum than Russia)

 

Zimbabwe has bigger platinum reserves than Russia, requires $5bn.  ZIMBABWE has far bigger platinum reserves than Russia and the capital-intensive mining sector requires $5,3 billion and predictable policies to stimulate platinum output, the Chamber of Mines of Zimbabwe (CMZ) has said.

Image result for Darwendale mine map diamonds zimbabwe

According to a report seen by this paper, CMZ in 2013 already, it was said more investment is needed in the platinum mining sector to outpace Russia as the world’s second-biggest producer of the white metal.

Zimbabwe currently has the second known largest platinum reserves after South Africa.   Experts say underfunding and limited exploration has over the years stifled growth of the mining sector, now the mainstay of the economy after overtaking agriculture. Mining contribution to GDP has grown from an average of 10,2% in the 1990s to an average of 16,9% from 2009√¢‚Ǩ‚Äú2011.

“It’s evident from 2017 onward Zimbabwe’s production of platinum will be approaching that of Russia,” the chamber said. “This growth projection, however, requires significant investment.”

The chamber said to increase production to the targeted 500 000 ounces per annum requires the setting up of base and precious metal smelters and refineries, investment of $2,8 billion in mines, $2 billion in processing plants and between $200 and $500 million to ensure adequate power supply. Already, the country’s major platinum miners – Zimplats, Unki and Mimosa who are currently processing the metal in neighbouring South Africa – have undertaken to construct the refinery.

Zimbabwe’s largest platinum producer, Zimplats, has invested over $30 million in carrying out a study for the establishment of the first-ever platinum group of metals refinery in the country.

Zimplats, a unit of South Africa’s Impala Platinum, is a platinum group metals mining company that currently operates three underground mines and a concentrator at Ngezi as well as the Selous metallurgical complex, which comprises a concentrator and a smelter.

The three platinum mines are this year targeting nearly 365 000 ounces of the precious metal, but experts say investment has been affected by the indigenisation and empowerment regulations which compel foreign-owned companies to sell 51% stake to locals.

https://bulawayo24.com/index-id-business-sc-economy-byo-37722-article-zimbabwe+has+bigger+platinum+reserves+than+russia,+requires+$5bn.html

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KOMMUNISME

Wanneer na die minerale rykdom van lande soos Zimbabwe en Suid-Afrika gekyk word, word daar heelwat minerale uitgevoer, terwyl die onderskeie volke in die lande arm bly.

In sommige gevalle word wapens verhandel eerder dan “ontwikkelings” of “voedselvoorsieningsprojekte”.

Dit staan soos ‘n seer oog ut, dat sekere dele van die “elites” vorder hoog op die trapleer van rykdom, word oornag kitsmiljoenêrs of selfs biljoenêr en die armers word net al armer en die immigrante word net al meer en meer na hierdie lande gelok.

Intussen word die wapens al warmer en die misdaad en moorde al meer op grondvlak.     Dis al so van voor 1900 af toe daar minerale ontdek is in Suid-Afrika.   Dus is dit nie regtig baie groot nuus dat groot moonthede mekaar afwissel in die ontginning in Afrika nie.   Gaan lees op wie is die baie groot moonthede.

Wie onderteken al die verdrae?    Elites

Daarom as daar nagegaan word hoe dit gebeur het dat ons land in die hand van kommuniste oorhandig is, gaan lees maar op wie en wat die vorige regering was, die Broederbond en liberales se rol hierin, asook die skryf van die sogenaamde grondwet, dat die kommuniste die dele met gemak oorneem.  Daar word verdrae gesluit en so wurm die kommuniste hul plekkes warm met wapens.

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LEES MEER /// READ MORE

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