Commonwealth, also called Commonwealth of Nations, formerly (1931–49) British Commonwealth of Nations, a free association of sovereign states comprising the United Kingdom and a number of its former dependencies who have chosen to maintain ties of friendship and practical cooperation and who acknowledge the British monarch as symbolic head of their association. In 1965 the Commonwealth Secretariat was established in London to organize and coordinate Commonwealth activities.
The heads of government of five members of the Commonwealth of Nations at the 1944 Commonwealth Prime Ministers’ Conference. From left to right, Mackenzie King (Canada), Jan Smuts (South Africa), Winston Churchill (United Kingdom), Peter Fraser (New Zealand), and John Curtin(Australia).
COMMONWEALTH (BRITSE STATEBOND)
In all seriousness, who else other than the heir to the British throne, after all, could be better qualified to lead the contemporary manifestation of the British empire? It would just be so much easier if all concerned simply admitted this reality: the Commonwealth is a vessel of former colonies with the former imperial master at its helm. Or, as I like to call it, Empire 2.0.
The report reveals the degree to which British companies now control Africa’s key mineral resources, notably gold, platinum, diamonds, copper, oil, gas and coal. It documents how 101 companies listed on the London Stock Exchange (LSE) — most of them British — have mining operations in 37 sub-Saharan African countries. They collectively control over $1 trillion worth of Africa’s most valuable resources. The UK government has used its power and influence to ensure that British mining companies have access to Africa’s raw materials. This was the case during the colonial period and is still the case today.
It said African countries received $162bn in 2015, mainly in loans, aid and personal remittances. But in the same year, $203bn was taken from the continent, either directly through multinationals repatriating profits and illegally moving money into tax havens, or by costs imposed by the rest of the world through climate change adaptation and mitigation. This led to an annual financial deficit of $41.3bn from the 47 African countries where many people remain trapped in poverty, according to the report, Honest Accounts 2017. The campaigners said illicit financial flows, defined as the illegal movement of cash between countries, account for $68bn a year, three times as much as the $19bn Africa receives in aid.
The report points out that Africa has considerable riches. South Africa’s potential mineral wealth is estimated to be around $2.5tn, while the mineral reserves of the Democratic Republic of the Congo are thought to be worth $24tn.
Forstater said: “There are 1.2 billion people in Africa. This report seems to view these people and their institutions as an inert bucket into which money is poured or stolen away, rather than as part of dynamic and growing economies. The $41bn headline they come up with needs to be put into context that the overall GDP of Africa is some $7.7tn. Economies do not grow by stockpiling inflows and preventing outflows but by enabling people to invest and learn, adapt technologies and access markets.
PREVIOUSLY – read more here:
Ons as Afrikaner en spesifiek die Boere van die twee Boere republieke, het reeds onafhanklikheid gehad. Ons het reeds in die verlede onsself regeer. Met die 1961 Republiekwording het wyle Dr H F Verwoerd, na ‘n referendum ons ook laat weggebreek van die Britte se Statebond. Die ANC het egter in 1994 besluit om weer deel te word van die Britte. Ons gaan in 2019 weer eens ons stemme uitbring in Suid-Afrika, waar kommuniste alles beheer en ons menseregte skend. Dis tyd ons kry ons eie gebiede en ook volle onafhanklikhdie – en daarvoor word ‘n mandaat benodig. Stem vir Front Nasionaal wat ‘n volksparty is. Die Britse Statebond saam BRICS lande , hang steeds oor ons koppe en wie kan die verskillende oorloë onthou soos die Anglo Boere oorloë. Ons het ‘n internasionale reg tot ons eie gebiede om onsself te regeer met ons eie skole en opvoeding asook veiligheid.