Turkey – USA (Russia)

It was confirmed by Turkey representatives, they have received a sophisticated Russian surface-to-air missile system, defying U.S. threats for more than a year that purchasing the S-400s would result in harsh retaliation against the fellow NATO ally.

Photo – A Russian plane carrying the first batch of equipment for S-400 missile defense systems arrives at Murted Air Base in Ankara, Turkey, on Friday 12 July 2019.

ANKARA, TURKEY - JULY 12 : (----EDITORIAL USE ONLY  MANDATORY CREDIT - " TURKEY'S NATIONAL DEFENCE MINISTRY / HANDOUT" - NO MARKETING NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS----) Russian Ilyushin Il-76, carrying the first batch of equipment of S-400 missile defense system, arrives at Murted Air Base in Ankara, Turkey on July 12, 2019 as S-400 hardware deployment started. Following protracted efforts to purchase an air defense system from the U.S. with no success, Ankara signed the supply contract in April 2017 to purchase the Russian S-400s.  (Photo by Turkeys National Defense Ministry / Handout/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)

Die gevegte is alreeds sowat 8 dae aan die gang en nog meer sanksies gaan/kan volg …. Eight days already gone into war of flames – heavy fighting continues as Turkey presses on with its military operation, against Kurdish fighters in northeast Syria. Turkey’s president, Erdogan said the military action aims to remove the Kurdish-led forces from the border area and create a “safe zone” to which millions of Syrian refugees can be returned.
Turkey – USA (Kurdish conflicts)

 

Sanctions from USA to Turkey – July 2019

Receiving the S-400s from Russia, which Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has pledged he will do for almost two years, all but ensures the U.S. will impose retaliatory sanctions against the only predominantly Muslim nation within NATO and an instrumental – if irksome – partner in conflicts including against the Islamic State group.

The deal with Russia, with which Erdogan’s government has increasingly allied in recent years, upends the U.S. plan to sell the advanced F-35 Joint Strike Fighter to Turkey.   But the U.S. military and intelligence officials have warned for months that allowing the Russian system to operate within the same network as the F-35 would provide Moscow with sensitive information on how to defeat the technologically sophisticated fighter jet that is slated to become a critical element of many NATO and partner countries’ air forces.

CAATSA

Through a law that was passed by Congress during 2017,  known as the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act or CAATSA, any country that makes a “significant” deal with the Russian defense industry must come under U.S. sanctions.

The president must enact at least five of 12 possible sanctions, including denying U.S. visas to business executives or officials of that country, or denying access to American or other international loans.

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The House of Representatives in June adopted a resolution calling on Trump to follow through on imposing sanctions against Erdogan in return for the S-400 sale.   A NATO official told Agence France-Presse the alliance is “concerned about the potential consequences” of the deal.

Turkish news organization Hurriyet reported more equipment related to the S-400s will arrive in the coming days. The Turkish defense ministry plans to begin using the system “as soon as it is operational.”

The U.S. in April suspended all shipments to Turkey of equipment related to the F-35s as a warning against the potential deal. The decision followed assertions from Erdogan that “there can be no turning back” on the deal.

“Turkey is and will continue to be a member of NATO, but it is not the partner it used to be,” Stephen A. Cook, a Turkey analyst, wrote for the Council on Foreign Relations about the potential S-400 sale. “U.S. policy should be based on the fact that while Turkey is not an enemy of the United States, it is also not a friend.

https://www.usnews.com/news/world-report/articles/2019-07-12/turkey-receives-russian-s-400s-risks-us-retaliation

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Oct.07 — George Friedman, founder and chairman at Geopolitical Futures, discusses the U.S. reversing policy as Turkey plans to launch a military operation in Syria. He speaks on “Bloomberg Surveillance.”

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Earlier in 13 January 2019

Donald Trump on Sunday vowed to “devastate Turkey economically” should the Turkish military attack U.S.-allied Kurdish fighters — a rare direct threat by Trump to a NATO ally as his administration grapples with the execution of its plan to withdraw American soldiers from Syria.

The president also wrote online: “….Likewise, do not want the Kurds to provoke Turkey. Russia, Iran and Syria have been the biggest beneficiaries of the long term U.S. policy of destroying ISIS in Syria – natural enemies. We also benefit but it is now time to bring our troops back home. Stop the ENDLESS WARS!”

https://www.politico.com/story/2019/01/13/trump-turkey-isis-syria-withdrawal-1098798

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