Amazone Fires

Most articles and news estimated that there were between 70000 – 74000+ fires detected alone in the Amazon since the start of 2019.    Unfortunately this amount of fires can’t be confirmed.   If there were so many fires already, what is left over then after 74000+ fires in the Amazon?  During 2018 there were an estimated 40000+ fires (and that was just a year back) in the same rain forest and areas.       Some news said the area is as big as the UK that were in flames since the beginning of 2019.   Blame is suspected to be “human” (or deforestation) and suspected NGO’s and not sure if any investigation has been done.      It was not always lightning where any fire start and neither is it “global warming” as some leaders expressed but by humans or certain organisations.

A man works in a burning tract of Amazon jungle as it is being cleared by loggers and farmers in Iranduba, Amazonas state, Brazil August 20, 2019. REUTERS/Bruno Kelly/File Photo

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GREEN versus the FIRES

Rivers in lowland Amazonia tend to meander due to the flatness of the basin. For example, the Amazon itself falls only 345 feet (105 m) from the Peruvian river port of Iquitos, a full 2,300 miles from the ocean. Thus the river descends at a rate of only 1.8 inches per mile (2.8 cm/km).

The lazy nature of rivers tends to produce oxbow lakes. An oxbow lake is a crescent-shaped lake formed when a river changes course. In lowland rainforests like the parts of the Amazon where soft alluvial soils dominate, meandering rivers gradually shift due to erosion and sediment deposition. Oxbow lakes typically form when loops in the river become so extreme that the main channel erodes a new straighter route, leaving the river bend apart from the river. As time passes, the oxbow lake becomes increasingly distant from the main channel.
Meandering river in the Amazon.

Picture of the day: Meandering river in the Amazon

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The Amazon Rainforest has hit a record number of wildfires this year, according to data from a space research agency in Brazil. The National Institute for Space Research (IPNE) has detected 72,843 fires so far this year, and has spotted 9,507 fires in Brazil since Thursday.

The new data is an 83% increase from the same period in 2018, and the highest since records began in 2013. Reuters reports that the surge in wildfires has occurred since President Jair Bolsonaro took office in January. Bolsonaro vowed to develop the Amazon region for farming and mining, and has ignored international concern over increased deforestation during his presidency. An IPNE researcher said that the increased number of fires cannot be attributed to natural phenomena alone. “The dry season creates the favorable conditions for the use and spread of fire, but starting a fire is the work of humans, either deliberately or by accident,” IPNE researcher Alberto Setzer told Reuters.

https://www.thedailybeast.com/brazil-president-jair-bolsonaro-tells-world-to-butt-out-as-amazon-continues-to-burn

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“suspected fires by NGO’s”

Brazil’s far-right President Jair Bolsonaro on Wednesday accused non-governmental organizations of burning down the Amazon rainforest to hurt his government, as a growing global outcry against the wildfires raged through social media.   ildfires raging in the Amazon rainforest have hit a record number this year, with 72,843 fires detected so far by Brazil’s space research center INPE, as concerns grow over right-wing President Jair Bolsonaro’s environmental policy.   The surge marks an 83% increase over the same period of 2018, the agency said on Tuesday, and is the highest since records began in 2013.

Presented without evidence and disputed by environmental and climate experts, Bolsonaro’s comments enraged critics and fanned a growing social media campaign over the dangers to the Amazon, one of the world’s key bulwarks against climate change.   #PrayforAmazonas was the world’s top trending topic on Twitter on Wednesday, and millions of people took to Instagram and Facebook to share concerns over the future of the Amazon. With global awareness growing, Bolsonaro’s comments risk creating a spiraling crisis for his government, imperiling an EU-Mercosur trade pact and upsetting key agribusiness clients.

“Everything indicates” that NGOs were going to the Amazon to “set fire” to the forest, Bolsonaro said in a Facebook Live broadcast on Wednesday morning. When asked if he had evidence to back up his claims, he said he had “no written plan,” adding “that’s not how it’s done.”

The former army captain turned politician said the slashing of NGO funding by his government could be a motive.   “Crime exists,” he said. “These people are missing the money.”    Since Thursday, INPE said satellite images spotted 9,507 new forest fires in the country, mostly in the Amazon basin, home to the world’s largest tropical forest seen as vital to countering global warming.   Images show the northernmost state of Roraima covered in dark smoke. Amazonas declared an emergency in the south of the state and in its capital Manaus on Aug. 9. Acre, on the border with Peru, has been on environmental alert since Friday due to the fires.
https://www.independent.ie/world-news/amazon-burning-brazil-reports-record-rainforest-fires-president-blames-ngos-38425694.html

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The world’s largest, and arguably most important, rainforest is on fire (AGAIN) – and has been for weeks. An 84% increase in forest fires has been reported, compared to the same period last year. In total, more than 74,000 blazes continue to burn. Thousands of acres of the Amazon have been turned to charcoal by the blaze – spreading tree to tree, habitat to habitat. From Space, an area larger than the United Kingdom can be seen alight – but that is not enough to convince Brazil’s right-wing leader the environment which dominates his nation’s landscape is burning.

Amazon burning: Brazil reports record surge in forest fires

Fires raging in Brazil’s Amazon rainforest have hit a record high this year, and satellite images from NASA show smoke covering the country’s northern half. an area larger than Europe. President Jair Bolsonaro on Tuesday suggested the fires were being staged by NGOs to embarrass his government. But environmental activists say cattle ranchers have been clearing the forest for more grazing ground and fear this may affect the air quality in the region. Al Jazeera’s Gabriel Elizondo reports.

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