The Southern Africa Regional Gas Project was a Mozambique-South Africa natural gas development and pipeline project. The project is comprised of two individual but fully integrated sub-projects. Firstly, the development of the Pande and Temane gas field in Mozambique and the construction of a central processing facility, and secondly, the construction of the 865km pipeline to transport natural gas to Sasol’s Secunda plant in Mpumulanga, South Africa. The gas fields at Temane and Pande have a proven reserve capacity of 2.6 Tcf. The proven reserves are sufficient to supply the pipeline for a minimum of 25 years from first gas.
Members of Endeavor’s senior management team were integrally involved in the development of the $721 million, 865 km pipeline to bring natural gas from Mozambique to South Africa which was sold to Sasol. The project achieved commercial operations in 2004.
The second component of the upstream projects is the central processing facility. Here, gas from the fields is cleaned and compressed before delivery to the inlet flange of the pipeline. The central processing facility is situated approximately 600km north of Maputo. The gas is then transported along an 865km route through a 660mm high-pressure steel transmission pipeline to Sasol’s petrochemical complex at Secunda. The gas pipeline is buried at a depth of 1 meter and has an initial uncompressed capacity of 120MGJ per annum. The pipeline however has been designed to allow gas flow to be doubled with the installation of mid and quarter point compression. A length of 531km of the gas pipeline is located in Mozambique and 334km is located in South Africa.
The Mozambican gas is imported to South Africa by Sasol, the Project’s private sponsor to: (i) replace the hydrogen-rich gas produced from coal by natural gas; (ii) convert Sasol’s Sasolburg chemical complex from coal to gas as feedstock for chemical production; and (iii) modification of Sasol’s synthetic fuel plant in Secunda to augment coal-based growth in the production of petroleum and petrochemicals.
Plans to prospect for gas and oil off KwaZulu-Natal’s coast came under fire at public hearings last week. In Durban it got rowdy with people chanting, “Go back to Italy” and “No Oil or Gas”. People who wanted to discuss the draft environmental impact assessment (EIA), commissioned by Eni, the Rome-based multinational, were frustrated.
Eni’s gas and oil exploration chimes with government’s National Development Plan, in particular, Operation Phakisa, which aims to fast-track moves to tap the ocean’s economic potential.
Operation Phakisa has put finding gas at the top of the agenda to diversify South Africa’s energy mix. At present, coal provides more than two-thirds of the country’s energy needs.
A nationwide gas network has also been mooted in anticipation of the discoveries of gas and oil deposits deep under the seabed in South Africa’ exclusive economic zone.
A gas pipeline, linking wells in northern Mozambique, extending to Cape Town and the West Coast is also envisaged.
Besides gas being cleaner than coal, job creation has been touted as one of the benefits of diversifying the energy mix by tapping oil and gas reserves.
South Africa and Mozambique are developing more gas pipelines in order to meet the increasing demand for liquefied natural gas (LNG) in both countries.
Mozambique’s Deputy Minister of Mineral Resources and Energy, Augusto de Sousa Fernando, yesterday told delegates at the International Gas Co-operation Summit in Durban that demand had shot up over the past 13 years.
De Sousa Fernando said South Africa had an opportunity to benefit from the development of LNG in the future by teaming up with other countries in the region. He said this would help to stimulate the economy and create new jobs.
“The demand for natural gas has been increasing since 2004 in our country. This is one of the reasons we are developing a gas pipeline between Mozambique and South Africa,” De Sousa Fernando said, adding that South Africa and Mozambique were working on ways to develop gas projects.
He said the region had a long way to go as it was still lagging behind the developed countries when it came to gas power. Andrew Herscowitz, a co-ordinator at Power Africa, said the gas market was progressing at a slow pace in Africa. Herscowitz said Power Africa wanted to support economic growth and development by increasing access to reliable, affordable and sustainable power in Africa.
Episode 1,098: Mozambique Pipeline.
Mozambique’s economy has grown over the past few years. Its natural gas resources have played an instrumental role in this economic growth. There a project being planned.
The African Renaissance Gas Pipeline is the biggest planned gas project in Africa. When this project is completed, it will have a pipeline connecting the gas fields of Mozambique with the Gauteng Province of South Africa. This is over 2600 km long and linking over 180 trillion cubic metres of natural gas to South Africa and Mozambique.
Photo by Graham Kietzmann
With the addition of the new line, 212 million gigajoules of gas will be piped from Mozambique to South Africa per year, up from 188 million gigajoules a year now, the Republic of Mozambique Pipeline Investment Company (ROMPCO) said on Monday.
The project will be funded by petrochemicals company, Sasol, the Mozambican government and the South African government.
The new 127 km (79 mile) line will run parallel to the existing 865 km gas pipeline for only part of the way. The existing line runs from the Temane gas fields to Sasol’s Secunda plant in South Africa.
Sasol, which owns 50 percent of ROMPCO, said the natural gas is meant for, among other uses, heating in industries, re-selling to businesses and power generation.
Pretoria and Maputo each own 25 percent of ROMPCO through local firms. Africa’s most industrialised economy is facing a shortfall in electricity supply, that earlier this year resulted in frequent power cuts that hurt businesses and deterred investors.