Nongqawuse syndrome

Dit is soms baie interessant hoe daar aan die geskiedenis gepeuter word en dan word dit deur die “sogenaamde skrywers” op ander afgedwing,  sonder om ‘n oog te knip.   Konserwatiewes en die wat nog in volkseie status en patriotisme glo, hul eie identiteit, word nie maklik verswelg deur leuens van die liberaal nie.  Liberalisme is ‘n siekte vir mag, beheer en kontrole.  Hul doelwit is ook om rewolusie  te finansier en bevorder om landgenote wat geregtig is op die land, eenvoudig met uiterstes, soos o.a. moord, doodslag en korrupsie te probeer verwyder.  Daar word beslis herhaal, wat was, is en sal wees.

Dit pas sommiges om te “herskryf” om by hulle te pas ….

(uit argiewe)

1.   Op ou argiewe word die getal 400 000 vee aangedui wat “doodgemaak” moes word.   Daar is onlangs hier artikel geplaas, waarin daar 200 000 vermeld is.  En niemand word kwalik geneem, as mens nie weet wat 30 jaar terug geplaas was en hoe liberales die “internet” aanpas om dit sagter en minder grusaam te vertoon nie.

2.  Nes wat die Anglo Boere oorloë se naam verander is, bly dit by die ouer gardes steeds as dit bekend staan.   Ons voorouers was nie deel van ‘n groter Suid-Afrika, wat nie bestaan het voor 1910 nie.   Die twee onafhanklike Boere republieke was geannekseer deur die Britse kroon, nes hulle die Xhosa, Zoeloe en ander gebiede ook geannekseer het.  Hul het letterlik honderde duisende soldate, selfs van hul ander kolonies op verskeie kontinente afkomstig,  na hul kolonies in suidelike Afrika gestuur om die Boere aan te val.  Boere het nie Engeland binnegeval nie.

3.  Blanke Moorde, armoede en diskriminerende wetgewing teenoor blankes in Suid-Afrika word ontken.


Nongqawuse (1842-1898)—or Nonquase


Among other things, it underlines two major points: 1) the difficulty of establishing a working democracy; and 2) the almost certainty that any Palestinian state – a fortiori a “one state solution” to the Arab-Israeli problem would produce a failed “democracy.”

South Africa’s second coming: the Nongqawuse syndrome

Achille Mbembe, 14 June 2006

A dozen years after apartheid ended, a dangerous mix of populism, nativism and millenarian thinking is inviting South Africans to commit political suicide, writes Achille Mbembe.

The deputy chair of the South African Institute of International Relations, Moeletsi Mbeki speaking recently at Witwatersrand University, made an arresting comparison between the current political situation in South Africa and the one prevailing in the period leading to the Xhosa cattle-killing in 1856-57.

The dance of the ghost

By that time, the Xhosa had been involved in nearly a half century of bloody and protracted wars with colonial settlers on the eastern frontier of their homeland. As a result of the deliberate destruction of their means of livelihood, confiscation of their cattle and the implementation of a scorched-earth policy by British colonialists, they had lost a huge portion of their territory and hundreds of thousands of their people had been displaced. As lung-sickness spread across the land in 1854, a number of prophets proclaiming an ability to bring all cattle back to life began to re-emerge.

Note that the way the British behaved in South Africa, especially under the rule of Lord George Grey, makes the Israelis in Palestine absolute angels. The Brits engaged in deliberately targeting civilians as a way to crush the rebellion. By comparison, the “collective punishment” of blowing a suicide-bomber’s house, looks most civilized. And, of course, unlike the British, whose colonialism came after a brutal conquest, the Israelis settled the land without conquest.

Then, a 16-year-old girl, Nongqawuse, had a vision on the banks of the Gxarha River. She saw the departed ancestors who told her that if people would but kill all their cattle, the dead would arise from the ashes and all the whites would be swept into the sea. The message was relayed to the Xhosa nation by her uncle, Mhalakaza. Although deeply divided over what to do, the Xhosa began killing their cattle in February 1856. They destroyed all their food and did not sow crops for the future. Stored grain was thrown away. No further work was to be done. Days passed and nights fell. The resurrection of the dead Xhosa warriors never took place.

In his book The Dead Will Arise: Nongqawuse and the Great Xhosa Cattle-Killing Movement of 1856-7, historian J.B. Peires contends that by May 1857, 400,000 cattle had been slaughtered and 40,000 Xhosa had died of starvation. At least another 40,000 had left their homes in search of food. According to Dr John Fitzgerald, founder of the Native Hospital who witnessed the events, one could see thousands of those “emaciated living skeletons passing from house to house” in places such as King Williams Town. Craving for food, they subsisted on nothing “but roots and the bark of the mimosa, the smell of which appeared to issue from every part of their body.”
As the whole land was surrounded by the smell of death, Xhosa independence and self-rule had effectively ended.

Achille Mbembe is a research professor in history and politics at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg. He is the winner of the 2006 Bill Venter/Altron Award for his book On the Postcolony(University of California Press, 2001)

A slightly different version of this article is also published in the Sunday Times (South Africa)

It turns out, it’s not enough to overthrow tyranny in order to establish democracy.

As the former national-liberation movement the African National Congress (ANC) implodes, the stakes are getting higher. The Nongqawuse syndrome – the name for the kind of political disorder and cultural dislocation South Africa seems to be experiencing – is once again engulfing the country. This is a syndrome South Africa has always suffered in times of demoralisation and acute social and mental insecurity. The Nongqawuse syndrome is a populist rhetoric and a millenarian form of politics which advocates, uses and legitimises self-destruction, or national suicide, as a means of salvation.



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