Mount Elbrus was formed more than 2.5 million years ago. Elbrus stands 20 km (12 mi) north of the main range of the Greater Caucasus and 65 km (40 mi) south-southwestof the Russian town of Kislovodsk. Its permanent icecap feeds 22 glaciers, which in turn give rise to the Baksan, Kuban, and Malka Rivers. Elbrus sits on a moving tectonic area, and has been linked to a fault. A supply of magma lies deep beneath the dormant volcano. The volcano is currently considered dormant. Elbrus was active in the Holocene, and according to the Global Volcanism Program, the last eruption took place about AD 50. Evidence of recent volcanism includes several lava flows on the mountain, which look fresh, and roughly 260 square kilometres (100 sq mi) of volcanic debris. The longest flow extends 24 kilometres (15 mi) down the northeast summit, indicative of a large eruption. There are other signs of activity on the volcano, including solfataric activity and hot springs. The western summit has a well-preserved volcanic crater about 250 metres (820 ft) in diameter.
MOUNT ELBRUS – Prielbrusye National Park
Since 1986, Elbrus has been incorporated into Prielbrusye National Park, one of the Protected areas of Russia.
Several shots while hiking in Prielbrusye National Park:
1) Elbrus 2) Baksan valley
In 1997 a team led by the Russian mountaineer Alexander Abramov took a Land Rover Defender to the summit of the East Peak, breaking into the Guinness Book of Records. The project took 45 days in total. They were able to drive the vehicle as high as the mountain huts at The Barrels (3,800 metres (12,500 ft)), but above this they used a pulley system to raise it most of the way. On the way down, a driver lost control of the vehicle and had to dive out. Although he survived the accident, the vehicle crashed into rocks and remains below the summit to this day.
The ancients knew the mountain as Strobilus, Latin for “pine cone”, a direct loan from the ancient Greek strobilos, meaning ‘a twisted object’ – a long established botanical term that describes the shape of the volcano’s summit. In Greek mythology, the Titan Prometheus was chained to the mountain by Zeus as a punishment for stealing fire from the gods and giving it to mankind.
Mt. Elbrus is a stunning volcanic peak located in the Caucasus Mountains of Russia and at 18,510′ it is Europe’s, as well as Russia’s, highest peak.
Situated between the Black Sea to the west and the Caspian Sea to the east, Mt. Elbrus rises majestically from the high green plains that stretch northward into the heartland of Russia. Just to the south of the peak lies the main body of the Caucasus Mountains, a range that rivals the Alps with its stark rugged beauty. Our adventures begin several thousand miles to the north of Mt. Elbrus in Moscow – the political, economic, and cultural heart of Russia. We walk across the cobblestones of Red Square, beneath the shadows of St. Basil’s onion-shaped domes, and cross through the thick walls of the Kremlin to visit the seat of Russian power.
Located in the western Caucasus Mountains and near the border with Georgia, Mount Elbrus in Russia is Europe’s highest mountain. A dormant volcano, the highest of its two peaks reaches 5,642m (18,510ft). Notorious for it’s brutal winter weather, winter ascents are extremely rare, it offers superb skiing and climbing in the summer, with 100s climbing it daily.
Future development is planned to construct a fourth stage, ‘Garabashi to Priut 11’, which will take passengers to 5,621m (18,442ft), making it the highest aerial lift on the planet. This would be to the summit of the lower east peak, leaving the higher west peak still available for those wanting to conquer the continent’s highest mountain.
MEET THE Russian Special Forces Helmet Cam.
Russian Special forces recorded an operation at Mount Elbrus in the western Caucasus mountain range with helmet cams. The exercise was held at an altitude of 4.5 km where it would be hard for an average person to breathe. Special forces crossed the river and stormed the mountain. The Guys in the Video are a fully trained unit. Units like this would be usually called “Rangers” or “Commandos” in the West. Even if this is just an training mission it gives an unique look at Special forces during their work outside urban areas. If you want to see more HD Military and Combat Footage check out my Channel with Footage from all around the World